; It bears her name in the Brahmi script, along with the depiction of a conch. He also employed Hindus in important offices. SHER SHAH SURI (SUR DYNASTY) His period is the transition from Lodhi style to the Mughal style of architecture. Sher Shah Suri (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here, Your email address will not be published. The Kakatiya Dynasty was the famous dynasty of the Telugu region. A) Babur done clear. Humayun used this opportunity to regain Delhi and Agra from the Sur rulers. He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar. Their home land was called Cholamandalam which In this video lecture, Alok K. Ojha will be discussing the Tuglaq Dynasty for UPSC CSE/IAS 2021. The Sangama Dynasty. Only main points from the chapters are compiled below. Sher Shah was an orthodox and devout Sunni. Sher Shah and Sur Dynasty. Some of the sarais constructed by Sher Shah still survive. It belongs to the period when Prabhavatigupta was the queen of the Vakataka dynasty. When Sher Shah was pursuing Humayun, he had left Khizr Khan as the Governor of Bengal. Search for jobs related to Kushan dynasty upsc or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 18m+ jobs. He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. His currency system continued through the entire Mughal period and became the basis of the coinage under the British. 2. The geographical condition of Maharashtra helped in the rise of the Maratha empire. When the peasant is ruined, Sher Shah believed, the king is ruined. Sher Shah. Born in the family of a Jagirdar and named as Farid, he received the … Balwinder Singh. Sher Shah was the founder of Sur Dynasty. During the period of disintegrating North India, Vijayanagar and Bahmani kingdoms gave long periods of stability in the Deccan region south of Vindhyas SHER SHAH SUR (1540-1545) His empire consisted of the whole of North India except Assam, Nepal, Kashmir and Gujarat SHER SHAH’S ADMINISTRATION. 3. Well, Indian History continues :-) In this article on Medieval India, we plan to cover the Delhi Sultanate. UPSC History The Mughal Empire Question Bank ... done Mughal Period / Sur Dynasty Total Question - 159 question_answer1) Who was the founder of Mughal dynasty? History topics covering RISE OF THE DELHI SULTANATE Aibak (Slave), Khilji, Tuglaq, Sayyids and the Lodis. Constructed the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna in Afghan style. Satakarni I was the first Satavahana king to expand his empire by military conquests. Multiple choice questions on Medieval Indian History for General Studies and GK preparation of SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations. The Sur Interregnum is an important topic for Civil Services Exam 2019 preparation. Save. The dynasty saw powerful leaders like Ganapathi Deva and Rudramadevi. Nov 21, 2020 - Tughlaqs Dynasty - UPSC, IAS UPSC Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Kakusthavarman (A.D. 435-455) was the most powerful king and administrator of the Kadamba dynasty. 4. In 1545, Sher Shah died and his successors ruled till 1555 later which Humayun reconquered India. With the conflict between Pallavas and Pandyas, Vijayalaya occupied Tanjore and made his capital. Khizr Khan married the daughter of the former ruler of Bengal, Sultan Mahmud, and started behaving like a king. 10 ratings. His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. Malwa fell without a fight. As one familiar with the problem of provincial insubordination, he thought that the real solution to the problem would be to set up a strong administrative system. This video is on Farm Bill 2020 and we will learn why farmers are protesting against it. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sher Shah had also developed the communications by laying four important highways. The Sur Empire was an empire established by a Muslim dynasty of Pashtun origin who ruled a large territory in Northern part of South Asia for nearly 16 years, between 1540 to 1556, with Delhi serving as its capital. In order to encourage trade, he simplified trade imposts, collecting taxes only at the point of entry and the point of sale. Land was surveyed and revenue settled according to the fertility of the soil. He gave stipends from the treasury to destitute people. Sher Shah practiced charity on a large scale. The shah’s personal name was Farīd; the title of Shēr (“Lion”) was conferred when, as a young man, he killed a tiger. 1st Ilbari Dynasty (1211 – 1246) → By Iltutmish. About findings and their significance: An oval-shaped sealing has been traced. It’s an important episode of Indian history. Kakatiya got their name because they worshipped the goddess called Kakati. Pushyabhuti Dynasty for UPSC and SSC. The rise of the Maratha empire was the result of the efforts of entire Maratha people who on the basis of unity of their languages, literature, community and homeland gave birth to Maratha nationalism and desired to create and indepe… His military capability and diplomacy made him victorious over Humayun and many other Rajput rulers. Required fields are marked *, SUR DYNASTY or SUR Interregnum (1540-1555). The Sur dynasty held control of nearly all the Mughal territories, from modern-day eastern Afghanistan in the west to modern-day Bangladesh in the east. प्रखर UPSC EPFO 2020: A 4-Month Master Course (Batch-2) START FREE TRIAL. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. Due to ravages of time and for no upkeep, the presiding deity got damaged. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. His original name was Farid and his father was a jagirdar at Jaunpur. The Chola dynasty was founded by Vijayalaya around 850 AD apparently by starting off as a vassal of the Pallava king. To know more about UPSC 2020, refer to the linked article. During the almost 17-year rule of the Sur dynasty, until the return of the Mughals to the throne, the region of South Asia witnessed much economic development and many administrative reforms. SUR INTERREGNUM (1540-1555) The founder of the Sur dynasty was Sher Shah. Under Sher Shah, the land revenue administration was well organized. His death at a young age led to a state of confusion about succession. B) This video is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 893 times. Asia. Ltd. Its founder, Shēr Shah of Sūr, was descended from an Afghan adventurer recruited by Sultan Bahlūl Lodī of Delhi during his long contest with the Sharqī sultans of Jaunpur. The famous Hindi work Padmavat by Malik Muhammad Jayasi was written during his reign. He also ruled over Madhya Pradesh. They were at first the feudatories of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyana, ruling over a small territory near Warangal. Sher Shah took great care that the movements of the army did not damage crops. Founded by Sher Shah, the Sur Empire ruled India from 1540 to 1555. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. On his return Sher Shah ordered him to be put in chains. Your email address will not be published. He was the founder of Slave dynasty (Mamluk dynasty) in India (1206-1210). These points might come quite handy during preparation of Prelims and Mains, to get a quick grasp of the subject. His original name was Farid. After the death of Kakusthavarman, the Kadamba family split into two branches. Why in News? Fig : Sher Shah. Rana Uday Singh of Mewar surrendered without resistance. 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From the time Humayun abandoned the throne in the Battle of Kanauj to his regaining of power in 1555 Delhi was ruled by Sher Shah of the Sur Dynasty. Sher Shah showed the same concern while dealing with traders. He also pushed back the Sungas in Pataliputra. He followed a flexible revenue system. It's free to sign up and bid on jobs. Kakusthavarman established matrimonial relations with the Gangas and the Guptas (dynasties). When he ascended the throne, he was called Sher Shah. Topic: Kakatiya Dynasty. During his short rule, Sher Shah did not have much time for building new cities and palaces. In this article, get NCERT notes on Sher Shah Suri and the Sur Dynasty. Important Dynasties and kingdoms of Ancient India UPSC IAS Prelims Examination, Haryanka Dynasty, Shishunaga Dynasty, Nanda Dynasty, Mauryan Dynasty, Indo-Scythians Kingdom, the Kushans, Cholas, Cheras, Pandyas. +91 8080-555-766 . Sher Shah was succeeded by his second son Islam Shah who ruled till 1553. PRODUCT OF . Your email address will not be published. A temple constructed by emperor Ganapati Deva ruler of Kakatiya dynasty has been converted into an abode of local goddess Balusulamma (Goddess Durga). Through his ability and efficiency, he emerged as the chief of Afghans in India. Sher Shah introduced new silver coins called “Dam” and they were in circulation till 1835. The standardization of the metal content of gold, silver and copper coins also facilitated trade. He is said to have dispensed justice without bias, punishing the oppressors even if they were nobles or his relatives. CONNECT WITH US Important Rulers of the Satavahana dynasty Satakarni I (70- 60 BC) Satakarni I was the third Satavahana king. It interrupted the rule of the Mughal Empire under Humayun, who later restored the Mughal Empire by ending the Sur Empire. Struggle of Kadamba Dynasty. He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar. 2nd Ilbari Dynasty (1246 – 1290) → By Balban. Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. Required fields are marked *. The welfare of the peasants was a prime concern. Though his rule lasted for only 5 years, he has organized an excellent administrative system. In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. Vijaynagar Kingdoms. ; The presence of the conch, scholars say, is a sign of the Vaishnava affiliation that the Guptas held. ADDRESS . Through stern punishments to rebellious zamindars and nobles and to thieves and robbers he ensured effective maintenance of law and order in the empire. Sher Shah Suri ascended the throne of Delhi at the age of 67. Presiding deity at this 13th century temple was Kakati Devi. He built the Quila-e-Quanah (Mosque of the Old Fort) in Delhi. Part of: Prelims and GS-I- History. These sarais also ensured the growth of towns in their vicinity. He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. From the time Humayun abandoned the throne in the Battle of Kanauj to his regaining of power in 1555 Delhi was ruled by Sher Shah of the Sur Dynasty. The king was aided by four important ministers. Qutubuddin Aibak (1206-1290) Qutubuddin Aibak was a slave of Muhammad Ghori, who made him the Governor of his Indian possessions. The old fort called Purana Qila and its mosque was built during his period. Sher Shah spent his childhood with his father and remained actively involved in the affairs of his father’s jagir.Because of this, he learned rich administrative knowledge and experience. ; Thousands of inscriptions in temples tell about their administration, society, economy and culture. 4.5. The local administrative structure of the Delhi Sultanate was followed with certain changes. Shah borrowed many ideas like the branding of horses from Alauddin Khalji. The king was assisted by four important ministers. Police were competently restructured and crime was less during his regime. Sūr dynasty, Afghan family that ruled in northern India from 1540 to 1556. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Service Sher Shah was the founder of Sur Dynasty. uFaber Edutech Pvt. The Imperial Chola Dynasty Empire Imperial of chola. The state’s share was one-third of the average production and it was paid in cash or crop. Kakatii Devi temple. FF A-006, Art Guild House , Phoenix Market City, Kurla, Mumbai. Dogra Dynasty. Each sarkar was further divided into various Parganas and in charge of various officers. In yet other places he arranged to collect only a portion of the gross produce. Nov 25, 2020 - Mameluk Dynasty (Part 1) - UPSC, IAS UPSC Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. After Sangam, the Chola became feaudatories of Uraiyur . CONTACT NO. In news – Jammu Airport and the Jammu University to be renamed after Hindu Dogra monarchs Maharaja Hari Singh and Maharaja Gulab Singh, respectively Maharaja Gulab Singh founded the Dogra dynasty and became the first monarch of Jammu & Kashmir kingdom in 1846. About kakatiya dynasty-Key facts: The 12th and the 13th centuries saw the emergence of the Kakatiyas. So. Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. An area of the Chandelas which was otherwise called Chandela Dynasty managed a significant part of the Bundelkhand district of central India for a stretch of 9th and the 13th centuries AD. Farmers in Punjab and Haryana have been protesting against three bills:-1. Your email address will not be published. This video is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 740 times. Most of the region of Maharashtra had plateau region plateau also provided good facility for guerilla-warfare to the Maratha. All cultivable lands were classified into three classes – good, middle and bad. For enhancement of trade and commerce Sher Shah maintained a robust highway system by repairing old roads and laying down new roads. The reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). He built the famous Rohtas Fort in Pakistan. A temple constructed by Emperor Ganapati Deva, a mighty ruler of Kakatiya dynasty, in Dharanikota near present Andhra Pradesh capital Amaravathi has been converted into an abode of local goddess Balusulamma (Goddess Durga). Maratha Empire 1. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU'S A road was laid connecting Lahore with Multan. Diwan –i- Wizarat or Wazir – in charge of Revenue and Finance, Diwan-i-Insha – Minister for Communications, Sher Shah’s empire was divided into forty-seven Sarkars. These later Cholas are termed as “Imperial Cholas” because they excercised control over Sri Lanka and Malay Peninsula. He also extended his territory. He conquered Kalinga after the death of Kharavela. The village headmen who were made responsible for the goods stolen within the area under their control became vigilant. Sher Shah remained a pious Muslim and generally tolerant towards other religions. He also built a Mausoleum at Sasaram, which is considered as one of the masterpieces of Indian architecture. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). In some areas, the jagirdari and zamindari systems were allowed to continue. Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC sign up bid! Hire on the world 's largest freelancing marketplace with 18m+ jobs he emerged as the chief Afghans. Who made him the Governor of his Indian possessions his ability and efficiency, he emerged as Governor. In Delhi death at a young age led to a state of confusion about succession not crops! Compiled below the Vakataka dynasty 7 ( Our past -1 ) s an important episode of history. 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