The fate of these vehicles is unclear. The most common model, the M2A4, was equipped with one 37 mm (1.5 in) M5 gun and five .30 cal M1919 Browning machine guns. After 36 of them were delivered, the order was canceled in favor of an improved M3 Stuart. After US entry into World War II and the formation of the Tank Destroyer Force, a suitable vehicle was … It had one M5 37 mm gun (with 103 rounds), one .50 cal (12.7 mm) M2 Browning heavy machine gun (with 1800 rounds) and five .30 cal M1919 Browning machine guns (with 8,470 rounds) with 6 to 25 mm of armor. The anti-tank warfare mission was assigned to a new branch, the tank destroyer force. Bottom: Fitters assembling an M2A4 light tank at a British ordnance depot. The M3 Half-track was a workhorse vehicle manufactured by the United States during the Second World War. M2中戦車(M2ちゅうせんしゃ、M2 Medium Tank)はアメリカ陸軍の歩兵部隊用 [1] 戦車で、アメリカ陸軍初の量産された制式中戦車 [2] [3] である。 フランス戦などの戦訓によりこの戦車が時代遅れであることがすぐに明らかになり、主に訓練用として用いられた。 Three tank destroyer battalions deployed to the Pacific Theater were equipped with the M18, with one, the 637th, earning the Presidential Unit Citation for its role in clearing Fort McKinley’s emplaced guns during fierce fighting for Its only combat use in American units was with the US Marine Corps 1st Tank Battalion, during the Pacific War, in 1942. The suspension was replaced by the superior vertical volute system in the T2E1 series of 1935. This was foreseen, however, and in September, 1942 American engineers had begun designing a new tank destroyer armed with the M3 90 mm gun. Ammunition included M89 smoke shells and regular M48 HE (High Explosive) antipersonal rounds. USA (1941) Tank destroyer - about 5,380 built The Fargo, first American tank hunter The 37 mm Gun Motor Carriage M6 (GMC) was the first American tank destroyer of the war. machine guns in the hull. The M10 Tank Destroyer was the US Army's advanced successor to the half track based T12/M3 and saw action on all fronts in World War 2. The M18 also had a weight of 1… USA (1943) Tank Hunter – 1,772 built The ultimate American tank hunter of WW2 The M36 Jackson was the last dedicated American tank hunter of the war. 72 units produced. Through the 1920s a number of theorists outlined an independent role for the tank that required it to move at high speed into the rear areas, a modern version of the cavalry. The twin-turret layout was inefficient, but was a common feature of 1930s light tanks derived from the Vickers, such as the Soviet T-26 and Polish 7TP. British tanks normally will be found with one or two great strengths and one or two great weaknesses at the same time. The T25 also used a modified T23 Medium Tank hull, a… The vehicle was operated by a crew of four (commander/loader, gunner, driver, and co-driver). The tank commander doubled as loader, like many other tanks of the time. [23][24], The M2A4 was 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m) long, 8 ft 1 in (2.46 m) wide, 8 ft 8 in (2.64 m) high, and weighed 11.6 t (26,000 lb). It was powered by a water cooled, 375 hp, GMC 6046 twin diesel 6-71 engine with a 620-liter carrying capacity for fuel. By 15 August, 1944, two prototypes of In keeping with the high-speed role, the new T5 combat car introduced the new vertical volute spring suspension (VVSS) system, which proved clearly superior to the Vickers leaf spring system. Soviet Union (1943) Tank Destroyer – 650 Shipped. M36 tank destroyer T T28 Super Heavy Tank T40/M9 Tank Destroyer W M10 tank destroyer This page was last edited on 20 February 2018, at 18:14 (UTC). The M18 Hellcat (officially designated the 76 mm Gun Motor Carriage M18 or M18 GMC) was an American tank destroyer of World War II, also used in the Korean War. However, it is believed that M2A4s served in Burma and India with the British 7th Hussars and 2nd Royal Tank Regiment during their engagements with the Imperial Japanese Army's 14th Tank Regiment. In defensive engagements, the M2A4s and Stuarts would deploy in pairs, so they could cover each other with machine gun fire against Japanese soldiers armed with satchel charges. Restored M18 GMC Hellcat tank destroyer at the Military Odyssey event in southern England. [8] The US Marine Corps ordered M3 Stuart tanks to outfit its armored units in 1940, but as the new tank was not yet in production, it received 36 M2A4s, after which point production of the M3 had come on line. The T2 concept, starting five years later, incorporated several design lessons from the T1, but used a new suspension system copied from the British Vickers six-ton tank. Combat tanks providing the basis for dedicated tank destroyers of the war are also included in this list. This was several … One was mounted in a ball mount in front of the bow gunner. Rear view, M2 Light Tank was an American pre-World War II tank. Single turret with 37mm gun. Tank Destroyer units were broken into three groups, Brigades, Groups and Battalions. US Army infantry tank design started with the light tank, T1 during the 1920s, which developed into a series of experimental designs which did not enter production. The M3 Gun Motor Carriage half-track tank destroyer mated the 75mm M1897A4 gun with the M3 half-track vehicle. The Ordnance Department viewed the M2A4 as a stopgap tank; work to improve it further began in June 1940. This led to the M2A4 with a 37 mm gun as the main armament. The weight increased to 10 tons. It was originally developed from the prototype T2 light tank built by Rock Island Arsenal, which had a Vickers-type leaf spring suspension. There is evidence that indicates those 36 M2A4s were shipped off from North Africa as part of the British Army's 7th Hussars and 2nd Royal Tank Regiment, fighting in the India and Burma campaigns against the Japanese 14th Tank Regiment. It would have had a crew of 5 and was propelled by a Wright R975 EC2 gasoline-fueled engine giving the vehicle a top speed of 25 miles-per-hour (40 kilometers-per-hour). After they served in the Pacific, they were used for training. Its armament consisted of a 12.7 mm machine gun and a 7.62 mm machine gun mounted side by side in a fixed turret position along with the 37 mm main gun. 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