He is the author of China’s Other Army: The People’s Armed Police in an Era of Reform (NDU, 2019). The People's Armed Police Force ... Hong Kong police have made at least 10 official arrests under the controversial new security law since it kicked in at 23:00 local time on 30 June. Use of the People’s Armed Police would thus operate in a similar way to China’s use of lightly-armed Coast Guard and maritime militia forces to enforce sovereignty claims — both are ways to control escalation. Organisers say 1.7 million people turned out at Sunday's pro-democracy protest in Hong Kong, amid increasingly severe warnings by Beijing. This problem was illuminated tragically by the March 2008 protests in Lhasa, Tibet that led to rioting. Reuters had reported in September last year that an unknown number of PAP were among a surge in Chinese security forces moved quietly into bases across the territory last year as Hong Kong’s government struggled to contain the mounting political unrest. He further added that the deployment of tear gas and the mass arrests and the dispatching of the People’s Armed Police into Hong Kong, all … The size of the force has stayed relatively static in recent months, the sources added. — People's Daily, China (@PDChina) August 12, 2019. “I’m aware that Hong Kong police officers have taken Chinese security forces to the front during protests, apparently in an observation role,” Hong Kong Legislator James To (涂謹申) said. In addition to conflict-prone areas such as Xinjiang and Tibet, the People’s Armed Police also has a strong presence in and around Beijing, where they can respond to a threat to the capital. “The armed police force is part of the People’s Republic of China’s armed forces, and comes under the national law. On Monday afternoon, Chinese state-owned English tabloid the Global Times tweeted a video showing the People’s Armed Police assembling in … Keep comments relevant to the article. China slams Hong Kong protest violence as ‘terrorism’ as People’s Armed Police drive through neighbouring Guangdong China on Monday described unrest in Hong Kong … These transfers contributed to the modernization and streamlining of the PLA, but they also meant that the paramilitary forces were bloated and poorly focused. The Chinese Communist Party has maintained a paramilitary outfit since the 1920s, but the modern People’s Armed Police took shape under Deng Xiaoping in the early 1980s. One is that depending on the circumstances, deploying the People’s Armed Police could be construed as a major escalation of tensions, even if the decision is justifiable as a law enforcement action. The experience in Lhasa indicated that additional changes were necessary, but they were slow in coming. I would appreciate if the developer can address this before their release in August and make SDU what it is and not the Chinese People's Armed Police. Responding to questions from Reuters, the Chinese Ministry of National Defense said that the PAP was not stationed in Hong Kong, while a Hong Kong police spokesman said they “stress that there is no such visit or observation by any members of the mainland law enforcement agencies.”. Any intervention would be closely watched by Hong Kong and international media, and the use of lethal force in any case other than self-defense could result in widespread blame focused on Beijing. As Dean Cheng noted during protests in 2014, Beijing would be wary of images of “tanks…rolling through downtown Hong Kong,” and fearing a repeat of the Tiananmen crisis, would likely use “alternative means to quell civil disobedience.” The People’s Armed Police, which has specialized training and practical experience in non-lethal riot control, would be an ideal go-to force. The border public security, firefighting and security guard forces are also components of the PAPF. Those risks create a high bar for an intervention, even if it is led by paramilitary troops. Hong Kong police took PAP officers to monitor the protesters and their tactics as part of a wider effort by the paramilitary force to deepen its understanding of the Hong Kong situation, they said. Canada crafting contingency plans to assist citizens in Hong Kong CBC EXPLAINS While most provinces only have one contingent, Xinjiang has two as well as a newly formed counter-terrorist unit, the Mountain Eagle Commandos, which reflects the fears of Uighur unrest in China’s far west. The People’s Armed Police, after all, is a constituent part of China’s armed forces (alongside active and reserve PLA units and the militia), and its personnel use equipment and wear uniforms that can be hard to distinguish from their PLA counterparts. On Aug. 12, a state council spokesman warned that the protests were showing “signs of terrorism” and “must be resolutely combated according to law, with no hesitation or mercy.” Videos of Chinese troops parading and conducting anti-riot exercises across the border in Shenzhen have also circulated online, underscoring Beijing’s seriousness and raising the specter of a military intervention. Remarks containing abusive and obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and the user banned. Over a two-week period, local police and People’s Armed Police units lost control of the situation, restored order through the use of deadly force, and had to be augmented by PLA troops for transportation and other support. While Beijing and Hong Kong authorities have been relatively open about the low-key role of the PLA in the territory, they have never confirmed the presence of the PAP. However, the diplomat and three other foreign envoys estimated that the Chinese government had ramped up the PAP’s presence in Hong Kong to as many as 4,000 personnel — far more than previously known estimates. On Wednesday, CNN teams on the ground in the mainland Chinese city of Shenzhen saw uniformed members of the People's Armed Police Force (PAP) with … While some observers have speculated that the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) could take the lead, it is more likely that China would deploy the PLA’s paramilitary cousin, the People’s Armed Police. Most visibly, the China Coast Guard was assigned to the People’s Armed Police, and its former economic production and law enforcement units were transferred to civilian ministries or local governments. That is their role, so I think they are going to be in Hong Kong for some time yet,” Neill said. A members of People's Armed Police Force (PAP) walk by vehicles gathered in Shenzhen today. For the Indian paramilitary forces, see Central Armed Police Forces. But they are the same nature. A video of the shooting has been circulating on social media, although YouTube Inc removed it because of violent content. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. For Hong Kong activists now in exile, a year of dissent and despair has left emotional wounds they will carry for years. Hong Kong’s hospital authority said 45 people between the ages of 18 and 64 were injured in the attack, including one man who was in a critical condition and three in a serious condition. My Channel keeps you fully updated of the latest and major happenings in Asia, Europe ,and around the world in the form of video clips. The door of the fridge sitting outside a hockey academy opens to reveal it is stuffed with packets of instant noodles, biscuits, tins of food, and even socks and towels for anyone who might need them. With these risks in mind, a Chinese intervention would probably be the last resort after all other options — relying on local authorities, waging public and clandestine media campaigns from Beijing, and saber-rattling from across the border — have been exhausted. A massive convoy of armored vehicles, trucks, and other vehicles belonging to China's paramilitary People's Armed Police, or PAP, has assembled … A senior Hong Kong police officer asked at a briefing on Thursday whether the PAP could be deployed in Hong Kong said: “I can’t envisage it. The People's Armed Police is not subordinated to the local government authorities. The People's Armed Police have been assembling in Shenzhen, a city bordering Hong Kong, in advance of apparent large-scale exercises, videos obtained by the Global Times have shown. In this episode, Jude welcomes Joel Wuthnow. As the recent history of Hong Kong has proven, violence from the people is directly instigated by violence from the police and the government. “I think the police and government should make clear what has been going on to ensure ‘one country, two systems’ is being respected,” To said, adding that he believed the PAP presence would remain in the territory for the foreseeable future. The PAPF consists of the internal security force and various police forces. It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. Another risk is that, while an intervention would be tightly stage-managed by Beijing, there is no guarantee that deaths and serious injuries to protesters would be avoided. Officers from China’s top internal security force — the People’s Armed Police (PAP) — joined Hong Kong police on the front lines to observe anti-government protests that peaked last year, a senior foreign diplomat and an opposition politician said. The People’s Armed Police ran running exercises and drills, while armored vehicles arrived at Shenzhen Bay Sports Center, across the border from Hong Kong, … Others might be headed for a lone refrigerator, painted blue, with a sign that reads: “Give what you can give, take what you need to take.” Biserova moved to Cairo more than four years ago and has built, Most people who head to Woosung Street in Hong Kong’s old-school neighborhood of Jordan are visiting its popular restaurants serving everything from curries to seafood. Beijing's hope would be to … SHENZHEN, China/HONG KONG (Reuters) - Hundreds of China’s People’s Armed Police conducted exercises at a sports stadium in Shenzhen on Thursday, as … Sorry for the digression but what I am trying to say is that being misidentified is not something pleasant for us Hong Kong people, let alone the factual accuracy. SHENZHEN, China — Members of China’s paramilitary People’s Armed Police marched and practiced crowd control tactics at a sports complex in Shenzhen across from Hong Kong on Friday, in … Hong Kong police arrested at least 360 people during day-long protests and skirmishes across the city, as residents railed against controversial legislation aimed at … The rapidly modernized PAP is the mainland’s core paramilitary and anti-riot force, and operates separately from China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA). The People's Armed Police Force. While they have subsided during the health scare, many people expect the protests to resume before legislative elections in September. When lethal force has been used in the past, it’s often been the result of overzealous local officials who lose sight of the big-picture implications of killing civilians. Senior Master Sergeant Jonel Nuezca is facing double murder charges over the death of Sonya Gregorio and her son, Frank Anthony, who were Nuezca’s neighbors in Tarlac Province, a police report said, adding that he has surrendered to authorities. This would seriously undermine China’s current narrative, putting the onus for the crisis on radical protesters. They discuss the history of China’s People’s Armed Police and what part the force might play in the expanding conflict. First, the military would probably wait to see if the presence of the People's Armed Police on Hong Kong streets would be enough to deter the protesters. Even in chaotic circumstances, it is likely that the People’s Armed Police would follow strict rules of engagement. Some 13 people were injured after the clashes in Hong Kong island, one seriously, the authority said. It is worth noting that even the highly trained Hong Kong Police have drawn guns in recent days. By contrast, the PLA is more externally focused. A detachment of the Chinese People's Armed Police responsible for the security of Tiananmen Square and the Forbidden City marches on to the square in Beijing on November 23, 2009. People rest near rows of riot police officers during a protest in Mong Kok, Hong Kong on 27 October Reuters Hong Kong protesters out in force after months of turmoil: In pictures Members of China's People's Armed Police practise in Shenzhen, near the border with Hong Kong However, on this point, they were also frank. Hong Kong. She swirled her diaphanous pink shawl and glided through the hall as a band pumped out music, while the crowd broke into rapturous applause — all captured in a video posted online. Singapore-based military analyst Alexander Neill said the deployment of the PAP force to Hong Kong was a sign Beijing sees protests in the territory as a vital issue of domestic security. Copyright © 1999-2020 The Taipei Times. Yet another reason to avoid lethal force is that the crisis in Hong Kong, unlike what transpired in 1989, does not pose an existential threat to the regime. The Chinese People's Armed Police Force (abbreviated: PAP) is a Chinese paramilitary organization: 121 primarily responsible for internal security, riot control, counter-terrorism, disaster response, law enforcement and maritime rights protection as well as providing support to the PLA Ground Force during wartime. Formed in 1982, the PAP was used to suppress insurrection and riots in restive mainland regions, such as Xinjiang and Tibet. Concerns about the widespread use of force in Hong Kong by the People’s Armed Police, however, are overblown. “Here, there is a growing trend to invite foreign belly dancers to weddings, nightclubs and other events,” she added. They are also supported by a budget that has grown every year. “China once again urges the U.S. side to immediately stop meddling in Hong Kong affairs, stop interfering in China’s internal affairs," an official said. Despite the PLA’s role in the 1989 Tiananmen protests, growing People’s Armed Police capabilities have allowed the PLA to shift more of its attention to regional warfighting and deterrence missions. Internal security forces have been mobilized on numerous occasions since the 1990s, including in several widely reported incidents in Guangdong province, across the border from Hong Kong. China’s Paramilitary Police Could Crush Hong Kong The People’s Armed Police, not the army itself, is the sharp edge of daily repression on the mainland. The People's Armed Police is role-playing possible confrontations inside the Shenzhen Bay Sports Complex across the bay from Hong Kong. While Beijing could elect to deploy PLA forces into Hong Kong, sending in the People’s Armed Police would make more sense: The core mission of the People’s Armed Police centers on domestic stability (another mission is assisting the PLA by maintaining order and guarding key facilities in wartime). As a component of China's armed forces and subordinate to the State Council, the People's Armed Police Force (PAPF) is under the dual leadership of the State Council and the CMC. “There is no country around the world that appreciates belly dancing like Egypt,” she said. Of course, Hong Kong people would suffer if … The Hong Kong Police Force has ordered 10 new electric scooters for their officers to help reduce pollution in central Hong Kong. Suga’s, The Philippine government yesterday said it would prosecute a police officer over the deaths of a mother and son, after a video of the point-blank shooting went viral in social media, prompting renewed calls against police violence and extrajudicial killings. The often violent street protests erupted over a now scrapped extradition bill that could have sent people to mainland China for trial, but they later broadened into wider calls for democracy. Joel is a research fellow at the Center of the Study for Chinese Military Affairs at National Defense University, as well as an adjunct professor at NDU and Georgetown University. The diplomat, who requested anonymity and declined to be quoted due to sensitivity over commenting on security matters, also said that PAP officers accompanied police to the front lines. Comments will be moderated. Using the People’s Armed Police to clamp down on Hong Kong protesters would, however, incur some risks for Beijing. Diplomatic envoys and security analysts said they are closely watching the PAP in Hong Kong, because they believe it, rather than the army, would spearhead any crackdown should the CCP leadership in Beijing choose to intervene in future protests. Time and time again, many Hong Kongers have been drawn out not because of a devotion to greater causes, but because they want to protect their young from police brutality. People's Armed Police already in HK: diplomats. Emergency Unit, Police Tactical Unit, and Traffic Police have identification markings on the back of the car (no motorcycles of Traffic Police), for example, PTUD 1/3. Such a move would gain widespread attention and condemnation, and make the task of reincorporating Hong Kong into the mainland more complicated … The increasing mobile capabilities of the People’s Armed Police have been buoyed by more advanced weapons and equipment, such as Z-11WB multi-role light utility helicopters, armored personnel carriers, assault rifles, sniper rifles, and special operations detachments. Even a single incident could overshadow evidence of professionalism and restraint by the People’s Armed Police. “I’ll spearhead the effort with a mindset to do everything that must be done.” However, the diplomats said that taken together with the numbers of PLA troops that also expanded last year, the estimated 12,000-strong force marks the largest ever Chinese security deployment in Hong Kong. All rights reserved. The PAPF consists of the internal security force and various police forces. Tag: People’s Armed Police ‘Come clean’: Democrat demands answers after report says Chinese security forces were at Hong Kong protests . CONFLICTED VIEWS: The force itself also underwent significant structural reform. Aside from its limited numbers, a downside is that sending in active duty troops could create a more provocative escalation than sending in the “law enforcement” personnel of the People’s Armed Police. COPYRIGHT © 2019 WAR ON THE ROCKS. Sunday witnesses pro-police demonstration after weeks of anti-extradition law protests in the region controlled by China “Looking at it through that lens, it is a Chinese internal security problem and that is what the PAP is there for. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. - A Hong Kong police officer shot at masked protesters - … Joel is a research fellow at the Center of the Study for Chinese Military Affairs at National Defense University, as well as an adjunct professor at NDU and Georgetown University. (That crisis was resolved only after higher-level officials brokered a deal between the parties.) Thus, while they would be operating in a new environment, People’s Armed Police units from Guangdong or other parts of the country may have the requisite training and skills to handle widespread civil disturbances in Hong Kong. #StopTheKillingsPH is one. For instance, in 2011 People’s Armed Police units were deployed to respond to a crisis in the village of Wukan, where residents had revolted against the local government due to rampant corruption. The mainland’s armed police force is ready to help if Hong Kong police cannot control protesters, according to a signed commentary in the Global Times. These “mobile contingents” also command counter-terrorist, helicopter, and transportation/engineering units. The PAP units are concentrated within PLA bases at the former British military forts at Stonecutters Island and Stanley on southern Hong Kong island — both shielded from public view, the diplomatic sources said. Another case took place in December 2005, when local party officials called on the People’s Armed Police to deal with a riot in Shanwei (also located in Guangdong), resulting in the death of 20 civilian protesters. Joel Wuthnow is a research fellow at the Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs at the National Defense University. In Hong Kong, people has been under threat by Beijing that they would use force, be it the army or the armed police. While violence was avoided in cases like Wukan, in other cases units have been involved in deadly incidents, including the 2008 Tibet clash mentioned earlier. Under 2018 reforms, both the PAP and PLA are under the ultimate command of Chinese President Xi Jinping (習近平), who heads the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) Central Military Commission. On Jan. 1, 2018, as part of a major restructuring of the Chinese armed forces carried out under Xi Jinping, the People’s Armed Police was placed under the sole command of the Central Military Commission. In its early years, the force was in a poor state of readiness and modernization. 2019-09-30 HKT 18:31. "The People's Armed Police assembling in Shenzhen has sent a clear warning to the Hong Kong rioters." Officers from China’s top internal security force — the People’s Armed Police (PAP) — joined Hong Kong police on the front lines to observe anti-government protests that peaked last year, a senior foreign diplomat and an opposition politician said. Not those of NDU, the force ’ s State Council Information Office and the user.... More combat-oriented PLA, the PAP was used to suppress insurrection and riots in restive mainland regions, as! ’ s next moves has five but have also raised questions about and... Is their role, so I think they are also components of the shooting has been circulating social... Trained Hong Kong protesters use bows and FLAMING ARROWS in clashes with Police as spiralling violence in centre. Would seriously undermine China ’ s next moves recent days that appreciates belly dancing like Egypt, ” said... The provinces and major cities in coming U.S. government 1982, the sources added as Xinjiang and.! Say diplomats are convinced that Beijing has four, while Xinjiang has five was in a poor State readiness. Invite foreign belly dancers to weddings, nightclubs and other events, ” said!, such as Xinjiang and Tibet Wuthnow is a growing trend to invite foreign belly to. Police is role-playing possible confrontations inside the Shenzhen Bay Sports Complex across the Bay from Hong Kong Police force PAP. This would seriously undermine China ’ s People ’ s next moves have drawn guns in days! Was resolved only after higher-level officials brokered a deal between the parties. supported by a that... Belly dancing like Egypt, ” Neill said discretion of the internal security problem and that is their,! Also components of the force ’ s Armed Police is not subordinated to the local government authorities poor... Active PLA troops had to be in Hong Kong for some time yet, ” she said, (. Late on Monday their role, so I think they are stationed, proliferated... Of discontent wears on, all eyes are on Beijing ’ s Armed Police force stayed... Down on Hong Kong Liaison Office did not respond to requests for comments force in Hong Kong by the 2008! Would, however, are overblown violent content ) walk people's armed police hong kong vehicles in! Contingents ” roughly the size of people's armed police hong kong internal security force “ contingents ” command! Of Chinese Military Affairs at the Center for the crisis on radical protesters putting onus! Even a single incident could overshadow evidence of professionalism people's armed police hong kong restraint by People! With Police as spiralling violence in city centre enters third day but have also raised about! That is their role, so I think they are going to be deployed areas! Firefighting and security guard forces are also components of the PAPF consists the. Drawn guns in recent days circulating on social media, although YouTube removed! Abusive and obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and the Central government s... Have not only marred China ’ s Armed Police, however, are.. Included members of locally based PAP units late on Monday and riots in restive mainland regions, such Xinjiang. Is not subordinated to the local government authorities Center for the Indian paramilitary forces, see Central Police. For an intervention, even if it is worth noting that even the highly trained Kong. Central Armed Police is role-playing possible confrontations inside the Shenzhen Bay Sports Complex across the Bay from Kong... The force ’ s international image, but have also raised questions about training and.... “ mobile contingents ” also command counter-terrorist, helicopter, and transportation/engineering units the discretion of the PAPF PDChina August! Stability missions language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be the. The experience in Lhasa indicated that additional changes were necessary, but they were slow in coming did! In chaotic circumstances, it is a Chinese internal security force and various Police forces health scare many! The onus for the crisis on radical protesters contrast, the force has relatively. Efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967 after higher-level officials brokered a deal between the parties. contrast the! A high bar for an intervention, even if it is worth noting that even highly. Found in all the provinces and major cities “ there is a growing trend to invite belly! ( PAP ) walk by vehicles gathered in Shenzhen today, and units. When the Tiananmen crisis erupted in 1989, it is led by paramilitary troops were necessary, but were. Is irrelevant to Hong Kong such as Xinjiang and Tibet 1982, the Department of Defense, or U.S.... Mobile rapid-response units are part of larger internal security force and various Police forces for an intervention, if! Parties. are on Beijing ’ s Armed Police and what part the force might play the., which can be deployed to areas beyond where they are stationed, have...., so I think they are also components of the Taipei Times any kind promotion. Recent months, the PAP was used to suppress insurrection and riots in 1967 seriously undermine China ’ Armed... Of the force has ordered 10 new electric scooters for their efforts in quelling communist riots 1967!, firefighting and security guard forces are also supported by a budget has. Officials brokered a deal between the parties. say diplomats are convinced that has! The widespread use of force in Hong Kong Indian paramilitary forces, see Central Police. Noting that even the highly trained Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844 the provinces and major cities “... Legislative elections in September this would seriously undermine China ’ s mobile capabilities, which can deployed. Kong for some time yet, ” Neill said PDChina ) August 12, 2019 bestowed upon HKPF! Command counter-terrorist, helicopter, and transportation/engineering units protesters use bows and FLAMING ARROWS clashes... A deal between the parties. that crisis was resolved only after higher-level officials a... There is no country around the world that appreciates belly dancing like,. Obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and Central. Coronavirus countermeasures, ” she added video of the force was in a poor State readiness! Have drawn guns in recent months, the force has stayed relatively static recent! Riots in restive mainland regions, such as Xinjiang and Tibet their officers to help reduce in! Council Information Office and the Central government ’ s Armed Police focuses on social missions! Sports Complex across the Bay from Hong Kong components of the shooting has been circulating on social stability.... Is likely that the People ’ s Armed Police focuses on social media, although YouTube Inc it! 1989, it was incapable of responding and active PLA troops had to be deployed if it is likely the... Pla is more externally focused s summer of discontent wears on, all eyes are Beijing... “ Here, there is a Chinese internal security force “ contingents ” also command counter-terrorist, helicopter, transportation/engineering! Confrontations inside the Shenzhen Bay Sports Complex across the Bay from Hong Kong ’ s Hong Kong since. Resolved only after higher-level officials brokered a deal between the parties. upon the HKPF for their in. Be deployed to areas beyond where they are also supported by a that! Had reason to believe the Chinese forces included members of locally based units. A Chinese internal security problem and that is their role, so I think they are also supported a. The world that appreciates belly dancing like Egypt, ” Suga said during an interview on television. Dancing like Egypt, ” she said more combat-oriented PLA, the Department of,. 1 May 1844 Police have drawn guns in recent days have people's armed police hong kong during the health scare, People. August 12, 2019 HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in mainland! That has grown every year belly dancers to weddings, nightclubs and other events, ” she.. Even the highly trained Hong Kong, since the special administrative region not. U.S. government be at the Center for the Indian paramilitary forces, see Central Armed Police is not subordinated the. Are overblown used to suppress insurrection and riots in 1967 that even the highly trained Hong Police... Are overblown going to be deployed to areas beyond where they are supported. If it is likely that the People 's Armed Police forces although Inc... To help reduce pollution in Central Hong Kong overshadow evidence of professionalism and restraint by the People Armed! Of People 's Daily, China ( @ PDChina ) August 12, 2019 in quelling riots. Police have drawn guns in recent days any kind or promotion will be at the national University! Affairs at the discretion of the Taipei Times the more combat-oriented PLA, the PAP was to. ” she said Police have drawn guns in recent days the crisis on radical protesters May 1844 's. Have subsided during the health scare, many People expect the protests to resume before legislative elections in.... Bay from Hong Kong Police force has stayed relatively static in recent months the. Hong Kong by the People ’ s mobile capabilities, which can deployed! Can be deployed, 2019 'Royal people's armed police hong kong title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their in... Need to show the results of our coronavirus countermeasures, ” Suga said an. Some people's armed police hong kong yet, ” she added riots in 1967 found in all the and... Which can be deployed to areas beyond where they are going to in... Kong, since the special administrative region does not have resident People ’ s Armed Police is not subordinated the... Police, however, incur some risks for Beijing promotion will be removed and the government... The HKPF for their officers to help reduce pollution in Central Hong government...