However, colder SST's caused convection to diminish almost immediately, while moving parallel to the southern coast of Baja California. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, 1999–00 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season, "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: January 1999", "Effects of Tropical Storm Hilda on Sea Turtles in Sipadan, Sabah, Malaysia", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: February 1999", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: April 1999", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: June 1999", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: July 1999", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: August 1999", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: September 1999", "26 killed in typhoon off west coast of Japan", http://agora.ex.nii.ac.jp/cgi-bin/dt/dsummary.pl?id=199918&basin=wnp&lang=en, "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: October 1999", "Typhoon Dan downs power lines, uproots trees in the south", "Local Institutions Response to 1999 Flood Event in Central Vietnam", "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: November 1999", Macau Meteorological Geophysical Services, Satellite movie of 1999 Pacific typhoon season, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=1999_Pacific_typhoon_season&oldid=1108074, Pages with citations using unsupported parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Bart affected the whole of Japan, with some minor damages occurring in Hokkaidō shortly after the storm became extratropical. [15], A tropical wave developed into by 0600 UTC on July 9, while situated roughly 300 mi (480 km) south of Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexico. The depression moved toward the west-northwest and encountered strong vertical wind-shear. [39] After moving into China, Sam killed at least 17[36] and injured 100 people in Guangdong. In addition to the systems observed by the CPHC and NHC, a tropical depression formed east of the International Dateline on August 19, and quickly exited CPHC's area of responsibility;[13][14] however, this storm was not included into CPHC database. The convection within the disturbance increased as it moved to the north and Tropical Depression 11W formed on July 29. The JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) for a developing broad circulation that stretched out from the northwest Borneo coast early on January 4. The final super typhoon of the year developed in the Central Pacific on November 28. The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. The storm slowly consolidated as it moved towards the Philippines, becoming Tropical Storm Iris on February 17, but did not intensify any further. Two people died in the storm and over 500 were injured, 11 seriously. These conditions produce an anomalous upper-level, ridge-trough pattern in the subtropics, with an amplified ridge over the subtropical Pacific in the ar… Around this time, Cam's motion gradually turned towards the north. Although it remained offshore, Adrian brought rough surf and flooding to Mexico, which resulted in 6 fatalities. The system continued to intensify, becoming Typhoon Olga two days later as it approached Okinawa. About 24 hours later, Adrian reached its peak intensity with winds of 100 mph (155 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 973 mbar (28.73 inHg). Early on, December 3, when the storm was to the south of Vietnam, it turned to the northwest and headed towards the Malay Peninsula. Paul was also considered a tropical storm by the JMA, who reported that the rainfall from the storm caused landslides and flooding in western Japan. The 1999 Pacific hurricane season officially started on May 15, 1999 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1, 1999, in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 1999. [16] Both the JMA and PAGASA considered Maggie a typhoon, and PAGASA named this storm Etang. [20] At the atoll, Dora produced large waves and wind gusts between 40 and 45 mph (75 and 85 km/h). At 2100 UTC that day, it made landfall near Cabo San Lucas. The system persisted in the South China Sea. [5] Two other short-lived system in July, Tropical Storm Calvin and Tropical Depression Six-E, caused no damage. About 24 hours later, Eugene peaked as a strong Category 2 hurricane with winds of 110 mph (175 km/h). The first tropical cyclone of the season, Hurricane Adrian, developed on June 18, while the final storm of the season, Tropical Storm Irwin, dissipated on October 11. [27], On July 26, a disturbance began to develop at the eastern end of a well-defined monsoon trough well to the east of the Philippines. Dora weakened to a tropical depression on August 22 well to the north of Wake Island and drifted to the north before dissipating the next day. [29] The flooding killed ten people. [51], Two ships ran aground and a cargo ship sank, but all the crew were successfully rescued. Should the list of names for a given year prove to be insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first 10 of which are published each year before the season starts. Floyd, the strongest storm of the season, struck North Carolina as only a Category 2. [32], Tropical Storm Paul was highly unusual in that it formed from a monsoon gyre and then merged with it. Around that time, Calvin turned northwestward in response to a mid-tropospheric trough. Additionally, 24‑hour rainfall totals over windward sections of Maui and the Big Island were near 2 inches (51 mm). Hurricane Dora was a long-lived and intense cyclone, which had the second longest track of a Pacific hurricane on record. [49], Tropical Depression 23W formed about 165 km (103 mi) to the east of Okinawa on September 15, from a disturbance moving to the northwest under the influence of a subtropical high located on the eastern side of a monsoon trough. As it moved to the north-northwest it intensified to its peak with 150 km/h (90 mph) winds as it approached Korea. Ann captured by a mid-level trough moving through the region and turned to the east, rapidly weakening as it crossed the Yellow Sea. The storm weakened to a tropical depression by late on August 14. The storm started to weaken as it entered a higher shear environment. No storms developed in the Central Pacific during the season. Rachel weakened back into a depression before it made landfall on the island and it dissipated over the Chungyang mountains on August 7. Early on June 20 Adrian intensified into a hurricane, while located about 420 miles (680 km) south-southeast of the southern tip of Baja California. Dora dissipated late on the following day, while situated several hundred miles east of Wake Island. [32], A tropical disturbance formed within a monsoon trough just off the Chinese coast on August 6. The 1999 Pacific hurricane season was a well below-average Pacific hurricane season with nine developing tropical cyclones recorded. [28] Torrential rain of up to 600 mm (24 inches) fell on the Korean Peninsula, with the highest totals falling near the border between North and South Korea. [49] Typhoon Bart reached its peak on September 22 with 260 km/h (160 mph) winds when it passed 75 km (47 mi) to the west of Okinawa, becoming the only super typhoon during the 1999 Pacific typhoon season. [1] The 1999 Pacific hurricane season was well below average, due to the strong La Niña that was occurring at the time, which causes wind shear to be increased and water temperatures to decrease, resulting in conditions less conductive for tropical cyclones in the East Pacific. If you can improve it, please do; it may then be renominated. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Dora later that day. After the cloud pattern consolidated, it is estimated that Tropical Depression Eight-E developed at 0600 UTC on August 6, while located about 975 miles (1,569 km) southwest of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico. The highest report was of 22.23 inches (566.9 mm) in Tecomán, Colima. The convection gradually consolidated as the disturbance moved north and the ninth tropical despression of the season formed on July 25 south of Okinawa. The remnants moved northeast into the East China Sea and the system redeveloped into a tropical depression the next day as it approached Okinawa. [5], A low pressure area 220 km (140 mi) to the west of Yap developed into a tropical depression on April 6. The depression then moved inland and dissipated. The depression strengthened further becoming Tropical Storm Zia later that day as it approached Kyūshū. The remnants of Fernanda persisted until finally losing its identity about 290 miles (470 km) west-southwest of Socorro Island on August 28. After the depression reached its peak with 55 km/h (35 mph) winds it began to accelerate to the west. Consequently, in most cases, the JTWC maximum winds for a cyclone appear higher than the JMA's estimated maximum winds for the same system. During El Niño, the area of tropical Pacific convection and its associated Hadley circulation expand eastward from the western Pacific, sometimes extending to the west coast of South America. The storm turned slightly westward towards the Korean peninsula and reached its peak strength with 75 km/h (45 mph) winds on July 26. Over 500,000 people had to be evacuated, over 2.2 million people had been affected by the storm and a local government spokesman called it "the most serious storm in a century". [28] It was most severe along the Los Mezcales River. Zia peaked with 85 km/h (50 mph) winds as it made landfall on the island on September 14. Soon after reaching its peak strength of 65 km/h (40 mph) Hilda drifted further north into an area of increased wind shear, which caused the storm to dissipate the next day. A low-cloud swirl remained and subsequently continued on a west-northwesterly course for a few days. The storm dissipated on August 29 over water having never approached land. PAGASA named the depression Diding soon after it formed and upgraded it to a tropical storm before the JTWC. It began to become more organized as it moved to the north on November 12 and became a tropical depression the next day. The JTWC issued a TCFA for the developing system on August 31, and the disturbance developed into Tropical Depression 20W on September 1 as it moved to the west. Conditions were marginally favorable for development, and Paka remained a tropical storm until December 10, when it was able to become a typhoon. The storm weakened further as it began to transition into an extratropical storm and the JTWC issued the final warning on the cyclone on August 24. [36] In addition, flooding from its rainfall displaced over 4000 people, and many major roads were closed due to landslides near Baguio City. There was no significant damage over land in the territory, though 18 swimmers were injured in the strong seas associated with the storm. The storm then curved westward and weakened over colder SST's, until dissipating on late September 9. searching for 1999 Pacific typhoon season 1 found (11 total) Tropical Storm Olga (228 words) case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article (T9907, 11W, Ising) – killed 64 in North and South Korea. 8 Signal for the fifth time in the year; the last time this had occurred was in 1964. There is no damage estimate from the heavy rainfall or rough seas associated with the hurricane. [17], A tropical wave crossed the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea between early and mid-July. [3][4] Tropical Depression Four-E, was the first of three cyclones to cross into the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility, which is between 140°W and the International Date Line. [24], Around the time of peak intensity on August 19, Fernanda curved west-southwest track, a motion which persisted for the remainder of its duration. The storm brought minor impacts to the island of Hawaii; however, no deaths or damage was reported. [66], Typhoon Dan brought torrential rain of up to 500 mm (20 inches) to both northern Luzon and southern Taiwan. The storm was beginning to weaken as it passed to the west of Cheju Island on August 3 and it made a second brief landfall on the T'aean Peninsula before moving north in the Yellow Sea. [44] The JMA monitored Typhoon Virgil and made it a minimal severe tropical storm at its peak. [2][6] The hurricane and its precursor produced heavy rainfall across much of Mexico, with the highest total reaching 22.23 in (566.9 mm). By 1200 UTC on August 13, the National Hurricane Center began classifying the system as Tropical Depression Nine-E. Due easterly wind shear, the depression did not further intensify as it moved on a generally west-northwesterly track. The depression, which had an exposed circulation center, moved to the north under the influence of a subtropical ridge over northern Japan. [37] Sam became the wettest tropical cyclone to affect Hong Kong since records began in 1884, dropping over 616 mm (24.2 inches) of rain, exceeding the previous record set in 1926. [9][10][11] The other in the month of September was Hurricane Hilary, a storm that approached Baja California, but dissipated offshore on September 21, resulting in no impact. [63], As Tropical Storm Cam approached Hong Kong, the HKO hoisted the No. Favorable levels of wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures (SST's) caused the storm to strengthen further. However, Greg weakened to a tropical storm on September 7, while approaching Baja California. [20], A tropical disturbance moving north to the east of Okinawa, Japan gradually developed as it moved to the north towards the Japanese mainland. Dora then began weakening for the final time as it passed south of Johnston Atoll on August 18. Microwave imagery a few hours later revealed that Beatriz was likely undergoing an eyewall replacement cycle and was complete by 1700 UTC. The storm became extratropical on August 18, but its remnants were recognizable for a further two days. The JTWC initially forecast that the storm would only intensify slightly, as they predicted it to move north-northeast into an unfavorable environment. (A tutorial on El Niño and La Niña can be found at the NOAA Climate Prediction Center website.) The storm passed over the north of the island on August 20 and entered the South China Sea reaching typhoon strength the next day. The remnants entered the Andaman Sea but redevelopment did not occur. On August 9 it turned to the northwest and accelerated before its landfall near Owase the next day, with 45 km/h (30 mph) winds. PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in the Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). [21], On July 23, a disturbance began to form in the Philippine Sea within the monsoon trough. The storm weakened and fell to tropical depression intensity early on August 22. While the majority of typhoons reliably develop between May and October, typhoons can occur any time of the year. [23], A tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Ten-E at 0600 UTC on August 17, while located about 460 miles (740 km) in south-southwest of Socorro Island, Mexico. 1999 Pacific typhoon season; Season summary map: First storm formed: January 3, 1999: Last storm dissipated: December 16, 1999: Strongest storm: Bart – 930 hPa , 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-minute sustained) Tropical depressions: 34: Total storms: 26: Typhoons: 5: Super typhoons: 1: Total fatalities: At least 1289: Total damage > $4.5 billion (1999 USD) Pacific typhoon seasons The two most notable storms were Floyd, and Lenny. Six hours later at 1800 UTC, Adrian degenerated into a swirl of low clouds while situated 300 mi (480 km) southwest of the southern tip of Baja California. Activity halted until July 9, when Hurricane Beatriz developed. Twelve hours later, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Eugene. [5], A tropical wave moved off the African coast on July 27 and entered the Pacific Ocean on August 6. It has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1997, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November. [32] This is the same list used in the 1993 season. Sam continued to move to the northwest over China dissipating about 24 hours later. There are suggestions on the review page for improving the article. The developing cyclone slowly moved to the northwest, becoming Tropical Depression 16W nine hours after the TCFA was first issued. The JMA assessed Gloria as being a severe tropical storm at its peak strength on November 15. [55] Rains of up to 200 mm (8 inches) from Ann and Typhoon Bart saturated South Korea and southwestern Japan, causing flooding and damage to rice paddies.

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