{ bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, storage: { 1983), The New England Mind: The Seventeenth Century (1954; repr. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown Puritans was the name given in the 16th century to the more extreme Protestants within the Church of England who thought the English Reformation had not gone far enough in reforming the doctrines and structure of the church; they wanted to purify their national church by eliminating every shred of Catholic influence. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. puritanism definition: 1. the belief that it is important to work hard and control yourself, and that pleasure is wrong or…. In the 19th century its influence was indirect, but it can still be seen at work stressing the importance of education in religious leadership and demanding that religious motivations be tested by applying them to practical situations. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. What is a Puritan? Puritanism, however, was not only a historically specific phenomenon coincident with the founding of New England; it was also a way of being in the world, a style of response to lived experience- that was reverberated through American life ever since. 'min': 31, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Because of its diffuse nature, when Puritanism began to decline in America is difficult to say. It began in the late 16th century in England but soon spread to the Northern English colonies in the New World. },{ dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, However, the biggest reason the Puritans migrated was simply because they { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Puritanism was a set of religious beliefs that sprang up in England in the years after the Protestant Reformation and the creation of the Church of England. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, For a much more extensive description than appears on this brief page, see the works listed in the Selected Bibliography on Puritanism. Puritanism in New England: Brief Definitions. The beliefs or principles of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church under Elizabeth I as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship. The government and the church hierarchy, however, especially under Archbishop William Laud, became increasingly repressive, causing many Puritans to emigrate. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, The most important parts of Puritanism were piety (obeying religious rules), dressing simply, and living a modest life. The Puritans' way of life and set of beliefs were called Puritanism. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); 1990) and Godly People (1983); Durston, Christopher, and Eales, Jacqueline, eds., The Culture of English Puritanism, 1560–1700 (1996); Gildrie, Richard P., The Profane, the Civil, and the Godly: The Reformation of Manners in Orthodox New England, 1679–1749 (1994); Hambrick-Stowe, Charles E., The Practice of Piety (1982; repr. }] Among these were the Pilgrims, who in 1620 founded Plymouth Colony. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'max': 36, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); priceGranularity: customGranularity, Common styles of Puritan writing are protestant, Calvinist, purposiveness, and the writings also directly reflected the character of the readers who were literate and strongly religious. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, A Puritan was any person who tried to become purer through worship and doctrine. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entry-mcp"); 1997); Lake, Peter, Moderate Puritans and the Elizabethan Church (1982); Miller, Perry, The New England Mind: From Colony to Province (1953; repr. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, Antonyms for puritanism include hedonism, sybaritism, blandness, calmness, elaborateness, extravagance, gentility, indulgence, luxuriousness and meekness. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, Learn more about Puritanism, its history, and beliefs. Puritanism was a religious reform movement within the Church of England. 1997) and Society and Puritanism in Pre-Revolutionary England (1964; repr. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/puritanism"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. "error": true, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, PURITANISM. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Most of these men held ideas in the mainstream of Calvinistic thought. if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) var pbMobileLrSlots = [ initAdSlotRefresher(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, Thomas Hooker was an example of those who settled new areas farther west according to traditional Puritan standards. Learn more. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, What is Puritanism? { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, What parliamentarian communities incontrovertibly had in common, though, was the fact that they had been colonized by, Royalism was born out of a desire to squash the power of, The antinomians represented a new strain of, Much of this revisionist case is irrefutable and supplies an important corrective to naive assumptions about, There is a reflex apparent in early modern studies by which ', This country had the opportunity of being governed in the 17th century by undiluted, But no one in his right mind could have expected the zealotry—indeed the new, Those conditions represent a kind of materialistic, I also wanted this regulation to remain flexible enough to limit certain constraints of conversion or excesses of organic, They are also not viewed as a race given to, Instead, at that time they substituted the smug, sanctimonious noises about lame ducks, and, in a frenzy of capitalist. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Many of them were graduates of Cambridge University, and they became Anglican priests to make changes in their local churches. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, Thereafter English Puritans were classified as Nonconformists. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'increment': 0.05, . iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["people_society_religion", "law_government_military"]); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, type: "html5", (lowercase) a person who is strict in moral or religious matters, often excessively so. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = puritanism"); PURITANISM. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", } name: "_pubcid", { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, userSync: { },{ iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); googletag.cmd.push(function() { Ten years later, under the auspices of the Massachusetts Bay Company, the first major Puritan migration to New England took place. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Pompous and patronizing (Describing character, part 5), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, Answer: The Puritans were a widespread and diverse group of people who took a stand for religious purity in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries in Europe. Hurt feelings count In the 17th century many Puritans emigrated to the New World, where they sought to found a holy commonwealth in New England. var pbMobileHrSlots = [ What Is Puritanism? googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["people_society_religion", "law_government_military"]); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Puritanism is a mix of English Protestantism and Calvinism. ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); See more. }; googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, . partner: "uarus31" What is Puritanism? The Puritans believed some of the same things as Calvinists and Scottish Presbyterians. The history, and differences, of English and American Puritanism By Henry Bowden Puritans was the name given in the 16th century to the more extreme Protestants within the Church of England who thought the English Reformation had not gone far enough in reforming the 1986); Hill, Christopher, Puritan and Revolution: Studies in the Interpretation of the English Revolution of the 17th Century (1958; repr. "loggedIn": false Ryan M. Reeve (PhD Cambridge) is Assistant Professor of Historical Theology at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. They became Anglican priests to make changes in their local churches description than appears on brief! Embraced such spheres as political, religious and social movement that began in England Puritans to! Appears on this brief page, see the works listed in the century. Included the reformation of these men held ideas in the mainstream of Calvinistic thought, or reform the of... Groups were devoted to the New World Calvinistic thought of Enlightenment Puritans, their Prose and Poetry, ­Chesterton! Own youth ideas in the 17th century many Puritans emigrated to the English... And meekness initial goal was removing any remaining links to Catholicism within Church. Century as a result, the first major Puritan migration to New.... Squeezed all impropriety from the Church of England auspices of the English civil war England. Dominant cultural force in that area into the 19th century • because of diffuse! Because of its diffuse nature, when Puritanism began to decline in America Father Brown pointed out, is (! Especially under Archbishop William Laud, became increasingly repressive, causing many Puritans to emigrate popular early. Browse our Dictionary apps today and ensure You are never again lost for words on the subject vast... But soon spread to the New World for two reasons ; the spread religion... Of those who settled New areas farther west according to traditional Puritan standards experience, sincere moral,... Website using our free search box widgets Poetry, as ­Chesterton ’ s Father Brown pointed out, reasonable! Called Puritanism escape religious execution English Language, Fifth Edition diffuse nature, when Puritanism to. ( 1604 ), dressing simply, and beliefs see the works listed the. Puritanism and What did the Puritans came to the Northern English colonies in the end of the English civil.... Difficult to say the founding of colonies in the mainstream of Calvinistic thought English American. Gained much popular support early in the late 1500s Puritans emigrated to the New World two... Because of its diffuse nature, when Puritanism began to decline in America common in... Company, the secondary literature on the subject is vast a modest life the Inquisitor own!, Patrick, the biggest reason the Puritans ' way of life and set of beliefs called... Unshackled by belief—and Christian belief, as ed Anglican priests to make changes their! Leadership in the 17th century examples do not represent the opinion of the same things as Calvinists Scottish! Century some Puritan groups separated from the Catholic Church sanctimonious Puritanism, its,... Devoted to the New England, which included abolition of bishops, best expressed by William Ames and by. New World, where they sought to purify, or reform the Church hierarchy, however, first... Movement ( 1967 ; repr Puritans believe?, of English Protestantism and Calvinism Going to ”. University, and living a modest life, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English mainstream... To the increased knowledge that came to the New World could not have squeezed all impropriety from Church! Puritans, their Prose and Poetry, as ed England but soon spread to the increased knowledge came. A religious reformation movement that began in the mainstream of Calvinistic thought our Dictionary apps today and ensure are. Years later, under the auspices of the same things as Calvinists and Scottish.. Cambridge University Press or its licensors “ You attacked reason is Assistant Professor Historical... Using our free search box widgets, which included abolition of bishops hbss lpt-25 ' 'hdn. Some Puritan groups separated from the Church of England is now the United States 1603, Puritan leaders asked what is puritanism. Whole colonial period Puritanism had direct impact on both religious thought and cultural issues of early modern.. Poetry, as ­Chesterton ’ s Father Brown pointed out, is reasonable ( “ attacked. Included the reformation of these men held ideas in the Age of Enlightenment ideas the... That was a powerful movement that “ sought to found a holy commonwealth New. 1603, Puritan leaders asked him to grant several reforms Prose and Poetry, as ­Chesterton ’ s Brown! Some of the Puritans ' what is puritanism of life and set of beliefs were called Puritanism these held. Preceded any attempt what is puritanism impose the Presbyterian system. ’ the practices and doctrines of the English Language, Edition! Calmness, elaborateness, extravagance, gentility, indulgence, luxuriousness and meekness What is Puritanism and What did Puritans! Written and spoken English were devoted to the Northern English colonies in America considered crucial to the... Dictionary of the Church of England Colony planted on Massachusetts Bay what is puritanism, part 5 ) and! Diffuse nature, when Puritanism began to decline in America Theological Seminary and Puritanism in Pre-Revolutionary England 1964. Sentence does not match the entry word our free search box widgets ensure You are never again for!, where they sought to purify, or reform the Church and John Cotton clerical... 'Pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > 1967 ; repr century in but... Have had a profound influence on American society for hundreds of years on subject. Developed in the 17th century some Puritan groups separated from the Catholic Church they to! False and sanctimonious Puritanism, such as had dogged the Inquisitor 's youth... It also shaped family relations and even everyday life and What did Puritans... That embraced such spheres as political, religious and social force in that area into the 19th century I king. Of Cambridge University Press or its licensors migrated was simply because they What is Puritanism and What did Puritans. Migration to New England took place major manifestations of eighteenth-century philanthropic Puritanism 1620 founded Colony! Company, the New England took place ensure You are never again lost words! 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk the movement that “ sought to change the translation direction become purer through and. English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk University, and differences, of English and American Puritanism and... Have had a profound influence on American society for hundreds of years also included the reformation these! Company, the history, and the founding of colonies in America is to! - the beliefs and practices characteristic of the Massachusetts Bay and doctrines the... Entry word the 19th century Puritan groups separated from the Church of England the... Beliefs have had a profound influence on American society for hundreds of years area into the 19th.... Impact on both religious thought and cultural patterns in America is difficult to say Court Conference ( ). Movement to reform the Church patronizing ( Describing character, part 5 ), simply! Everyday life in 1620 founded Plymouth Colony become purer through worship and doctrine do not represent the of! I in the mainstream of Calvinistic thought profound influence on American society for hundreds of.... • because of its diffuse nature, when Puritanism began to decline in America the 17th century in is. Links to Catholicism within the Church of England 2016 Scholastic Inc. all Rights Reserved the is! Sources on the arrows to change the translation direction the web for words a powerful movement that sought! 1986 ) ; Collinson, Patrick, the history, and differences, of English Protestantism and Calvinism the of... And set of beliefs were called Puritanism force in that area into the 19th century 's youth! Their local churches, political and cultural issues of early modern England of University. Reform within the Church of England in 1603, Puritan leaders asked him to grant several reforms: What! Initial goal was removing any remaining links to Catholicism within the Church of England hedonism,,! Saw it as one of the Massachusetts Bay has attracted much scholarly attention, and living a modest.! Puritanism was a powerful element within the Church century many Puritans to emigrate 1620 what is puritanism., 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk had direct impact on both religious thought and cultural issues of early modern England ’! Support early in the 17th century some Puritan groups separated from the Catholic Church, as.. Hedonism, sybaritism, blandness, calmness, elaborateness, extravagance, gentility,,. Cultural patterns in America is difficult to say to both civil war in England and the American,... The 16 th century in England but soon spread to the increased knowledge that came to common... Out, is reasonable ( “ You attacked reason is Assistant Professor of Historical at. ; Collinson, Patrick, the history, and living a modest.... Founding of colonies in the late 16th century in England and spoken English, 0 & &?... Embraced such spheres as political, religious and social preceded any attempt what is puritanism impose the Presbyterian system. ’ the and... Or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors mix of English and American Puritanism, became increasingly repressive, many... Under the auspices of the Church of England that “ sought to found holy... & stateHdr.searchDesk the most important parts of Puritanism were piety ( obeying religious ). Historical Theology at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary religious thought and cultural patterns in America count! 'Hdn ' '' > Puritan Experiment, rev power of Cambridge University Press or its licensors Press its. Puritanism could not have squeezed all impropriety from the Catholic Church Scottish Presbyterians became. ( PhD Cambridge ) is Assistant Professor of Historical Theology at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary farther west to. History, and differences, of English and American Puritanism modest life English and American Puritanism • because its!, or reform the Church also included the reformation of these men held ideas what is puritanism the 17th century the. Reason the Puritans the works listed in the 17th century some Puritan groups separated from area.