As global restrictions on faith reach all-time highs, USIP’s Knox Thames say the United States must continue to be a vocal leader in combatting persecution and pursuing religious freedom, saying, “I think the time is right … anything we say goes out like a megaphone to the rest of the world.”. The key to real and lasting peace lies in Emmanuel LoWilla is executive director of Reconcile in Kampala, Uganda, an organization affiliated with the New Sudan Council of Churches. "mental dis�armaments"--disarming the mind from all kinds of The Sudan case describes both religious peacemaking between two ethnic groups in Southern Sudan and a project to improve Christian/Muslim relations in Southern Sudan. Imam Muhammad Nurayn Ashafa is codirector of the Inter Faith Mediation Centre in Kaduna, Nigeria and coauthor of The Pastor and the Imam: Responding to Conflict (1999) with Pastor James Movel Wuye. In 1990, USIP established a program on religion, ethics, and human rights led by David Little, now a professor at Harvard Divinity School. Cognitive decisions and commitments, he argues, do not necessarily translate into feelings and actions.". Pope John Paul II, for example, played a prominent role in Lebanon, Poland, and Haiti. If mankind can treat religion as a source for peaceful co-existence, then the credit goes to mankind and not for the religion. And so, Islam means a religion of peace. What is important for each seeker is to choose a religion that is most suitable to himself or herself. There are a number of other important contributions to this literature. Religion has a definite role to play in people's search for world peace. DOES ISLAM PROMOTE PEACE? To organize a defense of freedom of conscience and belief, the United States convened the Ministerial to Advance Freedom of Religion or Belief in 2018 and 2019, bringing together a virtual congress of nations and civil society activists from around the world. You can also give a counter argument, that would be helpful too. This Peaceworks builds upon and goes well beyond the book, Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding, which presented general principles to guide effective interfaith dialogue as well as profiles of some of the leading organizations in the field. jealous competition with one another. I hope you’ll read through it and think about what peace means to you and how you can add more of it to your life and the lives of those around you. If you are not a member of a religious community, find a not-for-profit community organization that works toward peaceful communities and volunteer. we pause and reflect upon the true values of religion and seek proper spiritual to promote a heightened awareness of the positive peace building and reconciliatory role religion has played in many conflict situations People's conflict behavior is often based on more emotional considerations and thus may not be changed simply by rational negotiation processes and subsequent agreements. Brian Cox is senior vice president and Kashmir project leader of the International Center for Religion and Diplomacy in Washington, D.C., www.icrd.org. Sunday, January 1, 2006 These dimensions can all be used in the service of peacemaking. just from $13,9 / page. When the faiths explore and practice common values, such as justice and compassion, in public life, religious leaders can be an inspiration to others. Religion for Peace was founded in 1970 as a coalition of representatives from the world's major religions dedicated to promote peace. Islam does not tolerate wanton murder,” said Kareem Abdul-Jabbar in a recent interview on Meet the Press. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of religious conflict--is only beginning to be explored and explicated. I made an earlier attempt to reflect on this experience in the book I edited titled Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2002). get custom paper. great unrest in the mind, resulting in physical outbursts of violence culminating Whether as local peace actors and mediators or as providers of humanitarian aid, religious institutions have a role to play in conflict resolution. This is well documented and broadly accepted. Working with local institutional partners, USIP's Religion and Peacemaking Program has collaborated in religious peacemaking in Nigeria, Sudan, Israel and Palestine, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Macedonia, and Indonesia. -peace - is a holistic vision of material and spiritual fulfilment for humanity. The connection between religion and conflict is in the process of being thoroughly explored, however, to the extent that hyperbole and exaggeration are commonplace. Religious resources are contained in the four main elements of which religions consist. The fact that war begins in ", The negative aspects of This shift fully acknowledged the contribution of religion to conflict, but lifted up the peacemaking potential of religious leaders and institutions. Pastor James Movel Wuye is codirector of the Inter Faith Mediation Centre in Kaduna, Nigeria and coauthor of The Pastor and the Imam: Responding to Conflict (1999) with Imam Muhammad Nurayn Ashafa. The Israel/Palestine project describes an effort to develop a religious track to peace as a complement to diplomatic/secular negotiations. The threat of religious extremism is real and well documented. Question 2: Does the proportion of religious belief or atheism in a country determine the peace of the country? Connect All three of the Abrahamic faiths contain strong warrants for peacemaking. Though all employ religious approaches, these cases illustrate several methodologies. The most dramatic and most frequently cited case is the successful mediation the Rome-based Community of Sant'Egidio achieved to help end the civil war in Mozambique in 1992. Not all the cases presented here describe dramatic success stories, but even the less decisive cases provide experiences and lessons that are instructive for future religious peacemaking in other places. guidance to develop our "goodness," to work for peace and harmony But the best answer will probably go to a supporting argument (its … Blog, The United States Institute of Peace Legal and Privacy Information | FOIA Inquiries, Peace Religion and Peacemaking Initiative. in Promoting World Peace. preamble to UNESCO's constitution says: "Since wars begin in the minds of to be kind, to be tolerant, to be understanding. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of … A religion can and should be used by any people or person who finds it beneficial. Is religion largely a force for peace in the world, or does it often cause war and conflict? The question, therefore, is not if religious leaders are crucial actors in conflict stabilization and peace efforts in CAR: They already are. One consistent answer to the vexing problem of persecution was proffered: educating youth about human rights and pluralism. It is far better at directing behaviour … The very existence of theocratic states, for example, Iran, proves that religion can be a legitimate… The Israel/Palestine project describes an effort to develop a religious track to peace as a complement to diplomatic/secular negotiations. In the context of today's as they really are. It has a stake in society' s well-being and must take responsibility in helping to promote peace and harmony. forces of realpolitik have led to an extended paralysis of action. Also, religious peacemaking is becoming much more common, and the number of cases cited is growing at an increasing pace. and win followers by hook or by crook, rather than adhering to proper construct defenses of peace in one's own mind. Press It is time that 50 Ways To Promote Peace. Islam – A father and son pray together at the mosque Peaceful submission to the will of Allah is at the heart of Islam. men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be African Traditional Religions In African Traditional Religions (ATR), people have deep and firm faith in the existence of a creator God who is unseen and is the nodal point of peace, social … factors for the reduction and ultimate eradication of greed, hatred, and The potential for religion to promote unity, however, is based on factors that allow religious dialogue to be a safe space for disagreement without rancor. and for the cause of peace, let us hope that all our religious leaders will / The root of the word Islam, silm, refers to "making peace, being in a mutually peaceful environment, greetings, rescue, safety, being secure, finding peace, reaching salvation and well being or being far from danger, attaining goodness, comfort and favor, keeping … 17 Question 5: Can religion play a positive role … They must work in harmony and cooperate The development of studies and practice relating to the connection between religion, conflict, and peace is paralleled by United States Institute of Peace (USIP) program development on religious peacemaking. Persecution on account of religion or belief confronts every community somewhere around the world—and it is an increasing trend. The many other dimensions and impacts of religion tend to be downplayed or even neglected entirely. It is appropriate to look at the primary religious text of Christians, because this religion bills itself explicitly as a religion of peace more than most others. only then that they can effectively influence the opinions of the masses and In the popular mind, to discuss religion in the context of international affairs automatically raises the specter of religious-based conflict. Rather, the cases presented here are stories of religious communities and leaders joining together to resolve religious conflicts that are at least partially rooted in religious conflict. After David Little retired from USIP in 1999, the Institute decided to continue prioritizing religion in relation to international conflict and peace, but decided to shift the emphasis from religion as a source of conflict to peacemaking. Let all religions teach people to According to a hadith report (recorded in the Sahih al-Bukhari), the Prophet remarked that peace is part of Islam. In some cases, USIP's efforts have focused on helping believers reinterpret their religious principles in ways that contribute to peaceful coexistence with adherents of other faiths. Attend a peace rally 3. In South Africa, various churches were at the vanguard of the struggle against apartheid and the peaceful transition. The world cannot have peace Does the Bible glorify violence? Know that peace or conflict can have an effect on us either as victims or perpetrators. To be fair, Abdul-Jabbar is far from alone in his defense of Islam. Rather, policymakers and practitioners should be unpacking these leaders’ experiences—past and present—and asking how to strengthen their role as peacebuilding partners in the immediate post-electoral context and longer-term. and without. The following sections describe and analyze religious peacemaking in Kashmir, Israel/Palestine, Iraq, Nigeria, Sudan, and Macedonia. In our post 9/11 world this is a question that people are increasingly asking. Haar identifies these elements as: religious ideas (content of belief), religious practices (ritual behavior), social organization (religious community), and religious--or spiritual--experiences. As … truly educate the people with some higher values of life, which are very Gerrie ter Haar summarizes Assefa's contention as: "Bringing the spiritual dimension into the peacemaking process can create access to the more deep-seated, affective base of the parties' behavior, enabling them to examine critically their own attitudes and actions. All the Yes points: Religion is a stronger force than any material incentives. God has given me a deep love and a burden for Muslims. moral warrants for opposing injustice on the part of governments; unique leverage for promoting reconciliation among conflicting parties, including an ability to rehumanize situations that have become dehumanized over the course of protracted conflict; a capability to mobilize community, nation, and international support for a peace process; an ability to follow through locally in the wake of a political settlement; and. 12. The cases described in the following sections illustrate the creative contributions that religion can make to peace in places like Israel/Palestine, Iraq, Macedonia, Nigeria, and Sudan. The field of religious peacemaking is also maturing. BUDDHIST IDEAS FOR ATTAINING WORLD PEACE Ron Epstein (Lectures for the Global Peace Studies Program, San Francisco State University, November 7 & 9, 1988) INTRODUCTION. If peace is the goal, with or without religion, that will come in. True peace acknowledges differences and, in fact, utilizes those differences in the search for God. Others are challenging women’s human rights abuses, such as child marriage and female genital mutilation, carried out in the name of religion. religion is a significant factor in the identity of one or both parts to the conflict; religious leaders on both sides of the dispute can be mobilized to facilitate peace; protracted struggles between two major religious traditions transcend national borders, as has been the case over time with Islam and Christianity; and/or. Both religion and peace come under human attitude. Some of the leading thinkers and practitioners in the field, including Marc Gopin, Mohammed Abu-Nimer, and David Steele, contributed chapters to that volume. Geopolitical progress will bring closer the goal of world peace through world law, but religion has a role to play in the achievement of world peace. - CNN. Daniel Philpott is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science and the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame, and is chair of the Task Force on Faith-based Diplomacy at the Council on Faith and International Affairs, www.cfia.org. Within oneself, these three evil or unwholesome roots bring about delusion�which form the root cause of various conflicts and wars, both within Four Thoughts on Advancing Religious Engagement in Diplomacy and Development, Knox Thames on the State of Global Religious Freedom, Human Rights Education as the Solution to Religious Persecution, US State Department releases Global Fragility Strategy - Devex, Sudan's private sector to reap dividends of country's removal from US sanctions list - The National, 'Europe's last dictator' clings to power despite protesters' demands - Washington Times, Is an alleged drug kingpin from China investing millions in a port in Laos? madness for worldly power. constructed." Two critical elements in religious life that are centrally important to peacemaking are empathy and compassion, and the value of tapping into these attributes is readily apparent in effective religious peacemaking. religion lie in the madness of some so-called religionists who try to convert The moral principles and Enough suffering and "poisonous" defilements such as greed, hatred, jealousy, egotism, The situation is not hopeless and out of … He is editor of Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding (2002). deprivation, marginalisation, institutional malfunctioning, state failure, global dynamics of dependency) related to conflict and peace. The analysis of the Iraqi Institute of Peace shows how the organization has grappled with the most critical issues currently facing a religiously fragmented Iraq. loving-kindness; and to remove ignorance with the development of wisdom and Edited by David R. Smock. happiness to the minds of people. Differences in religious The third ministerial, organized by Poland, was held virtually in mid-November. Let religions teach people USIP has a variety of newsletters and announcements with the latest analysis, publications and events. This is not an analysis about interfaith dialogue in the traditional sense of members of different faith communities meeting to simply tell their stories, share their religious convictions with each other, or seek common religious understanding. Grants & Fellowships Religion in many parts of the world is contributing to violent conflict, although exaggerated in many cases. Lastly, the Macedonia piece describes efforts to establish an interfaith council to promote peace among Macedonia's faith and ethnic communities. I will focus on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam prophetic religions. This Peaceworks is meant both to demonstrate the value of religious contributions to peacemaking, and to extract lessons about what is and is not effective. Several publications resulted from these case studies, including books on Sri Lanka and Ukraine regarding conflict between the faith communities. necessary for peaceful co-existence and integrated human development. Discussions identified challenges but also solutions. values contained in the teachings of great religious teachers are essential Religion creates both unity and division. Search for experts, projects, publications, courses, and more. Religion, after all, is a powerful constituent of cultural norms and values, and because it addresses the most profound existential issues of human life (e.g., freedom and inevitability, fear and faith, security and insecurity, right and wrong, sacred and profane), religion is deeply implicated in individual and social conceptions of peace. It is Some of the cases describe dramatic successes, like the Inter Faith Mediation Center mediating peace between Christians and Muslims in some of the most strife-torn regions of Nigeria. insight in order to under�stand the true nature of beings and "see things If you are a member of a religious community, ask how you can get more involved in promoting peace through its programs and ministries. Visit Does religion make you a better person, or does it in fact do the opposite, and instead foster hate, fear, and violence? Therefore we pray, God of life lead us to justice and peace. 1. When communal identities, particularly religious identities, are key causal factors in violent conflict, traditional diplomacy may be of little value in seeking peace or conflict management. All of these cases explore projects by organizations that have been USIP partners in religious peacemaking and have received USIP financial support. spiritual need, religionists should work together in earnestness and not in Such religious leaders are particularly effective in working together for peace when they are from different faith communities. Usually disregarded, however, are opportunities to employ the assets of religious leaders and religious institutions to promote peace. Overall, these studies viewed religion principally in terms of creating conflict. There are past cases of mediation and peacemaking by religious leaders and institutions. “Islam is a religion of peace. With more sophisticated reflections of its growing experience, a body of knowledge is developing. Muslims should keep and promote peace and justice with all, including enemy, keep the greeting peace be unto you, and exercise tolerance. It lifts up the unique elements of religious peacebuilding, with a particular focus on apology and forgiveness. For example, the World Council of Churches and the All Africa Conference of Churches mediated the short-lived 1972 peace agreement in Sudan. The many other dimensions and impacts of religion tend to be downplayed or even neglected entirely. How does Religion (not just a specific religion, but religion as a whole) promote peace? Presidential and legislative elections loom large in the Central African Republic (CAR) amid high tension and spikes in violence. Paul Mojzes is professor and former dean at Rosemont College in Pennsylvania. It also emphasizes the importance of keeping issues of social justice front and center, so that religious peacebuilding does not merely make the participants feel better. Recognising the role of religion and engaging with its multiple facets do not replace the work required to address the other interlocking issues (e.g. be good and proclaim the brotherhood of humankind. The website offers guides and resources aimed to help religious leaders decrease violence and encourage development and peace. The moral principles and values contained in the teachings of great religious teachers are essential factors for the reduction and ultimate eradication of greed, hatred, and delusion—which form the root cause of various conflicts and wars, both within and … Likewise, the Prophet is reported to have declared that a Muslim is he from whose tongue and hands people live safely. Working from within religious frameworks, women are promoting peace and countering fundamentalist interpretations of religion. Does Religion Promote Peace? Treat all people with kindness, regardless of race, gender orientation, sexual orientation, religion, etc. Islam is a Religion of Love and Peace The definition of Islam. Traditional diplomacy has been particularly remiss in its neglect of the religious approach to peacemaking. This report provides a series of case studies addressing specific religious conflicts through a variety of methodologies. brotherhood--to work for a peaceful world and to work for humanity. Our religious practice should bring positive change to society and enhance mutual relationships among us in order to live in peace with one another. God does not need religion. The Iraq example describes the establishment and operation of the Iraqi Institute of Peace to promote interfaith comity in that strife-torn country. instruction wars." Religion is also a discovery of mankind. The book contains an analysis of the keys of success in interfaith dialogue as a mechanism for resolving violent conflicts. Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue; Religion. The Iraq example describes the establishment and operation of the Iraqi Institute of Peace to promote interfaith comity in that strife-torn country. This role is well articulated in Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4), which seeks to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.Moreover, the objecti… The root of the word ‘Islam’ is silm, which means ‘peace’. irrespective of race or creed�with a genuine feeling of love and We as humanity can, however, be well served by our religious traditions if they inspire us to honour God by striving for justice and peace for all of humanity and the whole creation. From religious leaders in the capital to those at the grass roots, they have made their voices and positions clear. Education imparts knowledge, skills, values and attitudes that are important for the social, economic and political development for any country. role to play in people's search for world peace. etc. As these cases illustrate, religious approaches to peacemaking do not provide a panacea, but can complement secular peacemaking productively. Ultimately, “thick” religion connects deeply with a sacred text which, properly understood, encourages love of one’s neighbor, whatever their background may be. Previously he served as director of the Institute's Grant Program and coordinator of Africa activities. greed with the practice of charity; to overcome hate and aversion with until nations and people begin to reduce their selfish desires for more and Most of the cases of religious or faith-based peacemaking are less dramatic in their outcomes. The emphasis is on peacemaking when two or more Abrahamic faiths are in conflict. 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