Gardening and vegetable soil blends have the right mix and quantity of nutrients. If you have a location that receives 8-10 hours of sunlight, that’s even more ideal! Cucumbers may be planted in hills or rows about 1 inch deep and thinned as needed. Once the seedlings emerge, cut off the three weakest plants at soil level. Caring for Cucumber Plants Throughout the Growing Season, Choosing the Right Variety for You and Your Garden, Best Portable Greenhouse For Outdoor Growing, Best Cordless Snow Blower For Light Duty Use, The Best Husqvarna Snow Blower For Residential And Professional Use, The Best Snow Blower: Identifying The Right One For You. Since cucumbers are a vine crop, they usually require a lot of space. When the cucumbers are about 3 inches tall, insert a trellis near the plants and coax the vines to grow on the trellis by wrapping vines on it. If you are adventurous enough to try creating your own nutrient-rich potting soil, try this 8-step guide for making soil for vegetable gardening by Mother Earth News. Plant transplants two feet apart in rows four feet apart. Seeds sown in containers need consistent moisture and kept at a temperature between 60 and 65 F. Cucumber seeds need full sun, so choose a spot in a sunny location or place containers where they receive at least six to eight hours of sun daily. Gardener’s Supply suggests placing seedlings in a south facing window so they get enough sun to develop strong roots. Plant the seeds 1 inch deep in seed starter mix. Once the seedlings emerge, cut all but two off at soil level, and then when the remaining two plants reach about 8 to 10 inches tall, cut one off at the soil level. Cucumbers require fertile soil. Other cucumbers are best for slicing and have a milder flavor and area more easily digested. Cucumbers are a tropical vegetable, and they crave a lot of direct sunlight. If using the latter, plant two cucumbers per bag into bottomless pots set on top of the growing bag. Additionally, you can also use a light layer of mulch around the base of the plant to improve moisture retention. There are many varieties of cucumber plants. She recommends putting a drainage hole in the bottom of the pot and placing rocks in the bottom so the hole doesn’t clog. ", How to Propagate Seedless Cucumber Plants, When to Start Pepper Plants in the Greenhouse, From Harvest to Table: How to Grow Cucumber, Harves to Table: Starting Vegetable Seeds Indoors, How Large of a Container to Plant a Cucumber Plant In, How Many Cucumber Seeds to Plant on a Hill. Refer to the seed packet or plant tag for details. If you are planting cucumbers in a container, there is no need to create mounds. The preferred method of cucumber planting is direct seeding in the garden after the soil has warmed as the seeds will not germinate in a soil chillier than 60 degrees. Give your cucumbers lots of room in your garden, because the plants grow fairly large. If you are concerned about how to plant cucumbers in the open ground, do not rush to sowing. Trellis – if you are direct sowing, plants seeds ½ inch deep and 10 inches apart, or set transplants out 10 inches apart. [3] X Researc… When you are certain that the frost won’t return, wait two weeks and then transplant your cucumber seedlings into your garden. For the compact varieties, allow a spacing of 45 cm between plant clumps and 70 cm between rows. Cucumbers are a vining plant and the shoots aren’t strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own. Her fiction writing appears in "Bewildering Stories," "The Other Herald" and "Spectacular Speculations. I like to plant in a couple of seeds a bit apart for in the case that one doesn’t do well and then you can pick it out and still have a healthy cucumber plant. Cucumber is rich in nutrients such as Vitamin The container should have adequate drainage holes. This will save you space and ensure that your cukes grow big and healthy. You can start cucumber seeds indoors four to six weeks before the last spring frost in your area. Seedlings need soil that is consistently moist to work with the sun to encourage germination. Sow four to five seeds in each site. How to plant and grow cucumbers 1. Thin out weaker plants if there are too many or if the area begins to get crowded. For bush cucumbers, plant the seedlings around 24 to 36 inches apart. Young and mature plants need regular feedings of soil that is infused with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Use these tips as general guidelines. Plant the cucumber seeds per packet instructions or 1 to 1.5 inches deep, planting three to six per hill. Start with small planting trays or peat pots to plant your seeds. Germination typically occurs in three to 10 days. When growing cucumbers, prepare the soil to a depth of 18-24” (46-61cm), or single-dig to a depth of 9-10” (23-25cm), and mound soil up into hills to create a deep root zone. Greenhouse cucumbers can be planted into beds, large containers of potting soil, or growing bags. When direct seeding, fill the container close to the top, place three to five seeds in the middle and cover with 1/2 to 1 inch of soil. In extreme cases, you can plant cucumbers in one place, but not more than five years. Tree roots will compete with your cucumber plants for water and nutrition. Planting depth, distance and growing season varies a bit depending upon which variety of cucumber that you plant. To read more about us, just click the link below. When planting directly in the garden, make hills for the seeds. The majority of its roots, however, extend outward about 2 feet and … If you don’t want to incur the cost of seedling strays, take a look at this article from Treehugger.com that lists seven household items that you can use as containers for seedlings, that will cost you nothing at all. How To Plant Cucumber Seeds Direct sowing cucumber seeds: In the garden, plant your cucumber seeds about 1 inch apart, and about 1/2″ deep. Based in Indiana, Molly Allman holds a B.A. Burpless cucumbers make excellent slicing cucumber for salads and other dishes. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If you use biodegradable pots, you can set the entire pot into the soil outdoors and avoid disturbing plant roots. Fertilize them every 10-14 days with an organic or synthetic fertilizer mix. Lay down a 2” (5cm) layer of good garden compost or composted manure when you prepare the lower soil layer. Cucumbers thrive best with lots of sun and regular watering. Training cucumbers on a fence or trellis will reduce space and lift the fruit off the soil. Two weeks after the last frost, set the pots in the garden, making sure the pot is below the soil line. Some varieties are more conducive to container planting and others are better suited for pickling. In rows or hills, plant seeds 1 inch deep; they’ll germinate in five to 10 days. Outdoor temperatures determine how long it takes for germination of the cucumbers to occur. Cukes love the sun, so for the best results, choose a garden spot that gets 6-8 hours of sun every day. How to Plant Cucumbers The exact planting depth and spacing will depend on the variety. Cucumbers planting methods. Growing cucumbers in containers works well if you have limited space or want to grow them on a balcony. Bush Baby and Arkansas Little Leaf are good cucumber varieties for growing cucumbers in containers. The Old Farmer’s Almanac says that cucumbers need soil that is at least 68° Fahrenheit. Cucumbers have fairly large seeds so sow them 1/2 to 1” deep. Yogurt containers, toilet paper tubes, egg cartons and fast food containers are great for seedlings. Summer cucumbers, with their lively flavor and crisp texture, are fun additions to the garden. Give them 1-2 inches of water per week. Cucumbers are a vining plant and the shoots aren’t strong enough to hold a heavy cucumber up on their own. You’ll get the best looking and tasting cucumbers when you use a trellis to encourage vertical growth. For vine cucumbers that will be trained onto a trellis, space the plants around 12 to 18 inches apart. Caring for Not only will it save you space in the garden, they will enjoy the company of each other too. When to plant cucumbers It require at least 70F temperature for best growth. Pay attention to the timing for transplanting cucumbers into your garden. in professional writing. Mix in compost and/or aged manure before planting to a depth of 2 inches and work into the soil 6 to 8 inches deep. Cucumbers are planted in raised beds or in low mounds of soil (called ‘hills’), which improve drainage. Protecting seeds and seedlings is an important step in making sure plants grow properly. Find a sunny location to plant your cucumbers. Don’t over water, or the tender roots will rot. The majority of its roots, however, extend outward about 2 feet and are concentrated just below the soil surface. Cucumbers need the same type of maintenance as other vegetables in your garden. The key here is knowing which type of cucumber to plant. Prepare your soil by digging in some rotted organic matter and manure until it is thoroughly mixed through and the soil is free of clumps. If you grow cucumbers indoors, be very careful when transplanting the seedlings. Seeds generally germinate in about 10 days when it's around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. How to Plant Cucumbers Plant seeds 1 inch deep and about 2 to 3 feet apart in a row, depending on variety (see seed packet for details). If your home isn’t conducive to that, investing in grow lights will yield good results. For vines trained on a trellis, space plants 1 foot apart. Grow only one plant per container. Your pot should be at least this wide in diameter, as well as that deep, too. Plant young plants at least 1 foot apart in rows that are 5 to 6 feet apart. Slicers are larger at about 5-8 inches. The bush or compact varieties are quite suitable fo… Cucumbers need space to grow and a trellis or other type of support to help increase fruit yield of container-grown plants. Cucumbers hate the cold! Thin seedlings to every two feet. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Set young cucumber plants about 12 inches apart in your garden, so they have plenty of room to bear fruit. Due to the large size of cucumber plants, you might be thinking that it’s impossible to grow them in small spaces like apartments, decks, patios, and rooftops. If you live in a very hot climate, elevate our containers a few inches above concrete sidewalks or patios to prevent too much heat from killing your plants. Once the soil has warmed up to at least 21°C and after the last frost date, sow seeds, 2.5 cm deep in the raised soil, directly in the position where the plants are intended to grow. It may be wiser still to use a shared trellis for both your pole beans and your cucumbers. Look for packages with NPK on the label, which stands for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The Utah State University Cooperative Extension cautions against damaging the roots when transplanting, because this can slow establishment and growth. In large gardens, cucumber vines may spread throughout rows; within smaller gardens, cucumbers may be trained for climbing on a fence or trellis. Today, cucumbers are at least served in two different ways: round yellow cucumbers and There’s a reason why cucumbers are 95% water. Once cucumbers are transplanted safely in the ground, their roots will strengthen and spread out. Choose a container that is a least 24 inches across and 18 inches deep. Water them like you would the rest of your garden – 1 to 2 inches deep. How to plant cucumbers in the open ground Their vegetables is a huge help on the farm. The small, warty-green cucumbers are perfect for small sweet pickles or large dill pickles. I’m Emily Steiner and I’m the head editor at ProperlyRooted. Just push two or three cucumber seeds an inch into the soil, spacing the plantings 18 to 36 inches apart. Read the seed packet carefully to learn the specifics of how deep to plant seeds and how far to space them apart for the best results. Landscape soil may also have weed seedlings in it and you won’t want weeds to take over your plants. The seeds are buried shallowly - 2-3 cm, so the trenches in this case should be shallow. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) varieties include pickling cucumbers, which you pick at certain times, depending on whether you're making larger dill pickles or smaller sweet pickles. This method also can provide your garden with a neater appearance. The California Gardener shows you a couple of different types of trellises on this video. You can check the tag that comes with your seedling for the recommended spacing for the variety you’re growing. Soil should be neutral or slightly acidic with a pH of around 6.5 to 7.0. To care for seeds, keep the soil moist and fertilize about once a month with compost tea. Slicing cucumbers are usually anywhere from six to fourteen inches long and smooth-skinned, while pickling cucumbers are shorter, around three to six inches long, and are kind of “bumpy”. Pickling cucumbers are a delicious variety to eat fresh. Start by filling a container at least 8 to 12 inches in diameter and 12 inches deep with potting soil. These will help to trap moisture Cucumbers can also be planted in mounds (or “hills”) that are spaced 1 to 2 feet apart, with 2 to 3 seeds planted in each … In autumn, the ground in the cucumber dug area is 25-27 cm deep and fertilized abundantly: you need about a bucket of chicken manure or mullein per square meter. Linda Yang, author of “The City & Town Gardener: A Handbook for Planting Small Spaces and Containers,” recommends using wooden or plastic containers, as clay pots tend to dry the soil out faster. Cucumbers need plenty of light and warmth, so before you plant them, make sure the area you want to plant them in gets 6-8 hours of light. Thin seedlings to leave the two strongest at each site. Fruits of Cucumbers are pale or dark-green, and its size ranges from 3 inches to 24 inches. Cucumbers traveled from Hispaniola to the north and let many more people to enjoy the taste of this fruit and learn how to plant cucumbers. Never let the soil dry out. Cucumber plant has heart-shaped leaves and the plant is covered with short prickly hairs. choose a spot where they won't be too shaded from the afternoon sun. 2. Make sure that soil is moist and well-drained, not soggy and compacted. Here are some other varieties: The English varieties are longer and have a thinner skin. Again, plant the seeds an inch deep and water them in well. You can eat all kinds of cucumbers right off the vine. Plant cucumbers in full sun. Planting cucumbers in a container conserves garden space, while still providing you with a good growing environment for the fruit. If growing the vine variety, trellis your plant. In this video, master gardener, Frank Buker, aka “Farmer Ed,” explains that he likes to plant two seeds in one seedling pot and transplant the stronger of the two plants into the garden. She specializes in topics concerning health, crafts, family and lifestyles. You can safely plant the seeds outdoors about three to four weeks after the last frost in your area. Spacing for hills should be four to six feet apart with six to eight cucumber seeds per hill. If you want to grow more than 1 plant in a single pot, try a container that is at least 20 inches (51 cm) in diameter and holds 5 gallons (19 L). Regular and deep watering is essential for growing healthy cucumbers. Water the cucumbers from below, using a hose that is placed on the soil's According to the National Gardening Association, bush cucumber varieties take up less space and yield higher-quality cucumbers as compared with garden-variety cucumbers. So wait to sow seed until all danger of frost has passed and soil become warm enough to support cucumber plantation. Work the organic matter into the soil 6" to 8" deep to make fertile soil. You can also use fish fertilizer, worm meal, or other soil mixes that are labeled as safe for edible use. You’ll save yourself some problems by avoiding using landscape soil, which can have bacteria in it that will harm your cucumbers. Water them more often if it is unusually hot or if they appear dried out. But, when watering, remember to keep the leaves dry to avoid fungal infections due to moisture. Set young cucumber plants about 12 inches apart in your garden, so they have plenty of room to bear fruit. It also keeps bugs from eating them. Cucumbers need space to grow and a trellis or other type of support to help increase fruit yield of container-grown plants. F… Use slicers in your salads and other recipes. Plant seeds 1/2 -1 inch deep and up to 12 inches apart. For direct outdoor sowing, you can use row covers to protect seeds and seedlings from pests and remove them once the plants begin flowering. However, the often viney plants can take up a lot of room and reduce the space available for other types of plants. [2] X Research source Cucumbers grow roots 36 to 48 inches (91 to 122 cm) deep, so don't plant them near trees. Set the timer to go on for 15 hours of light. The depth of the trench should be about 25 cm, if the cucumber will be planted in the form of seedlings. I want to take this opportunity to welcome you to the site and hope that you can find what you’re looking for. Select a pot that is 10 in (25 cm) wide for your cucumbers. That being said, it is wise to plant bush beans with cucumbers for increased vigor of your cucumber crop. Alternatively, you can buy a gardening soil mix for vegetables right at your local home or gardening store. It is also necessary to avoid other representatives of pumpkin: zucchini, squash. 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