Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. 5. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. In I $ 8, he was able to remove Humayun from the throne andforced him during this interregnum to take refuge in Persia; Sher's death in battle cleared the way for Humayin's successful return. Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. This brought him the fort of Chunar and enormous wealth. He tried to levy the land revenue in accordance with the income of the peasants. In due course, Babur became suspicious of Sher Khan who soon slipped away. The area, the type of the soil, and the rates of land revenue were recorded on the lease deeds which were got signed by the farmers. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Sher Shah Suri defeated Maldeo in the famous Battle of Samel around Ajmer (1544) His last campaign was against Kalinjar (Bundelkhand) 1486-z14I) was the last Delhi Sultan to offer serious resistance to the southward advance of the Mughals. But the intrigues of his enemies compelled his to leave Bihar and join the camp of Babur in 1527. Content Guidelines 2. He repaired old roads. The successes which he attained against the Mughals and the Rajputs indicate towards his ability and capability. Sher Shah Suri for this reason is said to be the fore-runner of Akbar. The Sultan was the highest judicial authority in the state. The other officer was called the chief Munsif or Munsif- i-Muinsfan. He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History. He also looked after the working of his subordinate judicial officers in the parganas. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Humayun's first campaign was to confront Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah was the only Muslim Sultan of Bengal to establish an empire in northern India. (iv) Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Achievements of Sher Shah during Medieval India. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. Provision was also made for scholarships on the basis of merit. We observe that Akbar, during his long period of rule, followed the policies of Sher Shah Suri with success. Dacoits and robbers were dealt with very sternly. (v) Tributes from the rajas, nawabs jagirdars, etc. Discuss the impact of Sher Shah Suri on the Mughal Empire. Sher Shah used to say and act upon it, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites.” No one could escape punishment on account of high status. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. (a) Strength: An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. Land revenue was remitted on poor crops. The land of each cultivator was measured according to a uniform standard and its quality was ascertained. But also by his shrewd capacity for organizing, unique forethought and intimate knowledge of administration, made necessary arrangements for smooth and efficient administration and controlling the coveted empire. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. Discuss Jahangir and Shah Jahan as the patrons of art and architecture. Share with your friends. It was the responsibility of the village Panchayat or the local people to produce the culprit or to pay for the stolen goods. Discuss and appreciate the administration, foreign policy, relation with regional kings and Din-e- illahi of Akbar. Each sarai had a well and a mosque. Privacy Policy3. In view of the special significance of these sarais, they were called as veritable arteries of the empire.”, (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar. (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. Military organization: The ratio of exchange between the Dam and rupee was fixed at 64 to 1. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Sher Shah attacked Raisin – a Rajput principality and besiegect it. Salient Features of Sher Shah’s General Administration: Sher Shah, by the dint of his military skill, daring acts, great courage and resourcefulness not only established a mighty empire. With large areas under his control, he was able to provide a sort of uniformity to the administrative system of India. Meanwhile the ruler of Chunar died and Sher Shah married his widow. The revenue administration of Sher Shah has been regarded as one of the best during the medieval period. He is also credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal coinage system. Their appointment and dismissal was at his discretion. Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India. Analyse the achievements and failures of Mughal emperors. All other internal trade taxes were abolished. He helped him to become the administrator of his father’s jagir which prospered by his efforts. He won but lost his life when he was grievously injured by the blast. The local people or the head (Mukhiya) of the village was responsible for the safety of the people of the area and the travellers. The frontiers of his empire extended on the one hand from Punjab to Malwa and on the other from Bengal to Sind. The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. There were two chief officers in every district. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … He abolished the old and mixed metal currency. Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. Endowments and grants were given to educational institutions. Trade tax was collected only at two places. Civil Administration. 4. Earlier there was no fixed ratio among so many coins of various metal alloys. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Share 0. Sher shah was impressed by the Rajput valour, Sher Shah won a victory though at great cost with the loss several thousand Afghan; on the battle field and coming near to loosing his empire. Published: May 28, 2011. This method helped to wipe off thefts, robberies and murders. Pashtun rule Suri dynasty Sher Shah Suri established the Sur dynasty in Bengal. (ii) Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory. (i) Encounter on the fort of Chunar and Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender. TOS4. In the words of Qanungo, “The land revenue administration of Sher Shah was a valuable heritage for the Mughals. Join now. No thief or robber would come near her for fear of punishment. The Administration of Sher Shah Suri may be considered as a continuation and culmination of the Delhi Sultanate. Sher Shah suppressed the turbu­lent Khokhars of the northern region of river Indus and Jhelum. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. In fact he knew how to win. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? The ruler of Malwa had not helped Sher Shah in his struggle with Humayun. (vi) Going back from his promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah on him. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. These two officers were helped by a number of junior officers and other subordinates in carrying out their duties. From Humble Beginnings to the Position of Ruler of Delhi: Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. Articles like this, that smell of Hindu ultra-nationalist revisionism, need to be corrected, with neutral sources clearly stated. This enabled him to familiarize with... 2. Babur’s son Humayun (birth name Nasir al-Din Muhammad; reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56) lost control of the empire after a rebellion led by the Afghan soldier of fortune Sher Shah of Sur expelled him from India. Generally land revenue was one-third of the produce, but could be paid both in cash and kind. Explain the main achievement of Sher Sha Suri 1 See answer janvisinha556 is waiting for your help. Therefore he attacked Malwa and annexed it to his empire. Sher Shah Reduced to submission the whole region from Ajmer to Abu. Add your answer and earn points. For the education of the Muslims, a Maktab was attached to every mosque for imparting elementary education and teaching Arabic and Persian. Ajmer, Jobhpur, Chittor and Mount Abu were fortified and held by Afghan troops. The offenders were punished by fines, flogging, imprisonment and even cutting of the limbs. He introduced the currency of rupee. Among the foremost contribution of Sher Shah was his re-establishment of law and order to other empires. In the words of Qanungo, “The severe discipline in Sher Shah’s camp in one campaign was sufficient to turn a raw recruit into a seasoned veteran”. He maintained peace and order in the district, helped in the collection of revenue and other taxes and also supervised the work of his subordinate officers called Shiqdars. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? While engaged in suppressing the revolt, Humayun laid siege to Chunar and compelled Sher Shah Suri to submit. The Delhi Sultanate Islam Shah appointed Muhammad Khan Sur as the governor of Bengal. Lease deeds (pathas) were drawn between the farmers and the government. According to Crooke, “He was the first Musalman ruler who studied the good of the people.” Sher Shah believed, “Tyranny is unlawful in everyone, especially in a sovereign who is the guardian of his public.”. Sher Shah held his court every Wednesday in the evening. Each Sarkar was divided into small units called the parganas and each Pargana was further subdivided into a number of villages. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The Sultan had ordered that while fixing the land revenue, the peasants should be treated with generosity but once settled they were asked to pay their revenue regularly. (iii) Sowing dissentions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. On the other hand, the province of Bengal was administered by a civilian. Sher Shah had a number of ministers to assist him in his administrative work. Examine the main achievements of sher shah suri. Sher Shah defeated the combined forces of the Lohani chiefs of Bihar and Mohamud Shah of Bengal at Surajgarh. 2. Add your answer and earn points. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. Sher Shah’s greatest achievement was his revenue system. TOS4. These sarais also served as dak Chaukis. 3. Service in Babur’s army: Sher Shah conquered and annexed these provinces into his empire. Dr. Ashirwadi Lal compares him with Alauddin Khilji who was superior to Sher Shah Suri in administration and military achievements but lacked in constructive policies. Agra, Sambhal and Gwalior etc., also came under his sway. image source: iic.ac.in/projects/nic/Contrivers/images1/22-05-1970.jpg. He introduced several reforms and reorganized the civil and administrative structures. There were subordinate Qazis in every district and in all important cities. BA LLB I year, I semester Indian history sample question answer on Administration of Sher Shah Suri A detailed Summary:In this post you will read aboutADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH ,revenue administration of sher shah,explain the characteristics of sher shah administration,sher shah suri administration upsc,sher shah suri reforms pdf,sher shah suri administration history … Crooke is quite right when he remarks, “That he introduced such extensive reforms in his short reign of five years is a wonderful proof of his executive ability.”, Indian History, Medieval Period, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. The coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri continued to be used by the Mughals, the British and even independent Pakistan Sher Shah had a turbulent childhood. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. Sher Shah introduced the system of transferring officers of the Sarkars and the Paragans every two or three years so that they may not develop vested interest, the root cause of corruption. One, where the goods entered the territory of his empire and the other where the goods were sold. sher shah suri make humayun run from his own territory. Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. Sher Shah destroyed the structure and no further work was done on it after Humayun's restoration. Ask your question. sachinslg8899 sachinslg8899 28.01.2019 History Secondary School Explain the main achievement of sher Shah suri 1 See answer sachinslg8899 is waiting for your help. 5. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915), www.metmuseum.org. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. 6. A village was the smallest self-sufficient unit, administered by village panchayats. Even the rates prevailing in the mandis were made available to the king. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Sher Shah built the following buildings: (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. (viii) Conquest of Kalinjar (1545) and death of Sher Shah. Sher Shah plundered Bengal several times and by capturing Gaur, the capital of Bengal, forced Mohammad Shah to seek refugee with Humayun. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants and a part of artillery. In all there were 47 districts. Sher Shah brought Marwar under his control by forged letters and sowing dissensions in the army of Maldev, the ruler of Mewar. 4. image source: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Sher_Shah_Suri_by_Breshna.jpg. Two horses were kept at every sarai so that the news-carriers could get fresh horses at short intervals to maintain speed. Historians have differed on the issue of Sher Shah’s provincial administration. He rendered valuable help to Babur in the campaign against the Afghans in Bihar. Ans. The one chief Shiqdar or Shiqdar-i- Shiqdaran was a military officer. Sher Shah Suri became one of the legends in shaping the structure of the sub-continent.He has left many a mark of his architecture in both India and Pakistan. In his studies, he so distinguished himself that the subedar of Jaunpur was greatly impressed. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. The deeds confirmed the rights of the farmers on the lands. Sher Shah was able to bring under his control a substantial part of India. A province was divided into a number of Sarkars (Districts). Sher Shah was a pastmaster in adopting successful war tactics. The intrigues of his mother compelled the young Farid Khan to leave Sasaram (Bihar), the jagir of his father. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. Military achievements of Sher Shah may be categorized under three heads namely: (iii) Conquests after becoming emperor of Delhi. Financial assistance (Taqavi loans) was granted to the farmers when needed by them. Explain the main achievement of sher Shah suri Get the answers you need, now! Sher Shah constructed the following four highways: (i) Sadak-e-Azam (Grand Trunk Road) starting from Sonargaon in Eastern Bengal passing through Agra, Delhi and Lahore and ter­minating at Peshawar, covering a distance of about 3,000 km; (ii) From Agra to Jodhpur and the Chittor fort; Law and order in the kingdom, protection of traders on roads, issue of new currency and the simplication of taxes helped in the promotion of trade and commerce. Sher Shah was a great organizer and an efficient commander. Privacy Policy3. Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the centre like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. Some of the salient features of his administration are given below: Dr. Ishwar Prasad has rightly observed, “The Government of Sher Shah, though autocratic was enlightened and vigorous.” Sher Shah himself used to say, “It behoves the great to be always active.” And he himself adhered to this maxim. As his former master Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar had died, he was made the guardian and regent of the minor son of the deceased. However Sher Shah did not honour this agreement. His step-mother’s jealousy forced him to search for another employment and he took service under Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan for his bravery in killing a tiger single-handed. After the battle of Chausa he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal and Bihar. Sher Shah Suri was one of the Greatest Rulers of Medieval India. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. Sher Shah... 3. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. Administration of Sher Shah Suri … He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. He was born of an Afghan lady, the eldest and perhaps only legitimate wife of his father, who had … The same coin-rupee ratio served the basis of the currency during the Mughal and British periods. Content Guidelines 2. THE MAUSOLEUM OF SHER SHAH SURI Sher Shah Suri (ca. Son of a petty jagirdar, neglected by his father and ill treated by his step-mother, he very successfully challenged the authority of Mughal emperor Humayun, drove him out of India and occupied the throne of Delhi. Next to him was the chief Qazi who was the head of the department of justice. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. There was no uniformity with regard to their income, size and administration. The saraits were also used as Dak Chaukis. Sher Shah Suri continued his attacks on the Mughals and drove Humayun to the west. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. Sher Shah successfully defeated the Mughals at Chausa in 1539 and over 8,000 Mughal troops were killed in the bloody battle. He went to Jaunpur for studies. E.B. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. Important features of the revenue administration were as under: 1. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Indian History, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. This victory ended the rule of the Mughal dynasty for 15 years. Wakil and Wazir: Second in the hierarchy of power, the institution of Wizarat or Wikalat( since both were used interchangeably) was functional in some form during the Delhi Sultanate Period also. The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. Rajput ruler Purnamal entered into an agreement with Sher Shah that if he surrendered, his family would not be harmed. With this victory, whole of Bihar came under Sher Shah. The king kept himself posted with the minutest happening in his kingdom. Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. This considerably weakened Humayun’s strength, and to add to his miseries, his own brothers were also plotting against him. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. Land for the purpose of revenue was divided into three categories on the basis of production—good, average and bad. [citation needed] Humayun had two major rivals for his lands: Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat to the southwest and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) settled along the river Ganges in Bihar to the east. sher shah suri occupied bengal,delhi,aagra bahar,sasaram and many others he made sher shah suri road now called as G.T. Of Kalinjar ( 1545 ) and ( vi ) Going back from his own territory a valuable for! 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